Hiltzik, Michael A., author.

New York : Simon & Schuster, 2015.

x, 512 pages, 24 unnumbered pages of plates : illustration ; 24 cm

A heroic time -- South Dakota boy -- "I'm going to be famous" -- Shims and sealing wax -- Oppie -- The deuton affair -- The cyclotron republic -- John Lawrence's mice -- Laureate -- Mr. Loomis -- "Ernest, are you ready?" -- The racetrack -- Oak Ridge -- The road to Trinity -- The postwar bonanza -- Oaths and loyalties -- The shadow of the Super -- Livermore -- The Oppenheimer affair -- The return of small science -- The "clean bomb" -- Element 103.

"The birth of Big Science can be traced to Berkeley, California, nearly nine decades ago, when a resourceful young scientist with a talent for physics and an even greater talent for promotion pondered his new invention and declared, 'I'm going to be famous!' Ernest Orlando Lawrence's cyclotron would revolutionize nuclear physics, but that was only the beginning of its impact. It would change our understanding of the basic building blocks of nature. It would help win World War II. Its influence would be felt in academia and international politics. It was the beginning of Big Science,"--Novelist.

Wilczek, Frank.

New York, New York : Penguin Press, 2015.

430 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (mostly color) ; 24 cm

The question -- Pythagoras I : thought and object -- Pythagoras II : number and harmony -- Plato I : structure from symmetry : Platonic solids -- Plato II : escaping the cave -- Newton I : method and madness -- Newton II : color -- Newton III : dynamic beauty -- Maxwell I : God's esthetics -- Maxwell II : the doors of perception -- Prelude to symmetry -- Quantum beauty I : music of the spheres -- Symmetry I : Einstein's two-step -- Quantum beauty II : exuberance -- Symmetry II : local color -- Quantum beauty III : beauty at the core of nature -- Symmetry III : Emmy Noether : time, energy, and sanity -- Quantum beauty IV : in beauty we trust -- A beautiful answer?

Sterling, Mary Jane, author.

Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, [2015]

xiv, 388 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Includes index.

Going beyond beginning algebra -- Toeing the straight line: linear equations -- Conquering quadratic equations -- Rooting out the rational, radical, and negative -- Graphing your way to the good life -- Formulating function facts -- Sketching and interpreting quadratic functions -- Staying ahead of the curves: polynomials -- Reasoning with rational functions -- Exposing exponential and logarithmic functions -- Cutting up conic sections -- Solving systems of linear equations -- Solving systems of nonlinear equations and inequalities -- Simplifying complex numbers in a complex world -- Making moves with matrices -- Making a list: sequences and series -- Everything you wanted to know about sets -- Ten multiplication tricks -- Ten special types of numbers.

Wheater, Carolyn C., 1951- author.

New York, NY : Alpha, a member of Penguin Random House LLC, [2015]

x, 338 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.

Includes index.

"400 bonus practice problems--with easy-to-understand answers--available online."

Introduction to algebra -- Linear relationships -- Variations on the line -- Polynomials -- Radical, quadratic, and rational functions -- Appendixes.

Starting with the very basics and reinforcing concepts with practice and tips along the way, "Idiot's Guides: Algebra I" makes a complex subject easier to grasp and helps students and adult learners clear the hurdles that can stand between them and their academic goals.

Clynes, Tom, author.

©2015

xv, 303 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : color illustrations ; 24 cm

"An Eamon Dolan book."

The digger -- The pre-nuclear family -- Propulsion! -- Space camp -- The "responsible" radioactive boy scout -- The cookie jar -- In the (glowing) footsteps of giants -- Alpha, beta, gamma -- Trust but verify -- Extreme parenting -- Accelerating toward big science -- Heavy water -- Bright as the sun -- Bringing the sun down to earth -- The roots of prodigiousness -- The lucky donkey theory -- Twice as nice, half as good -- Atomic travel -- Champions for the gifted -- A Hogwarts for geniuses -- A fourth state of grape -- Heavy metal apron -- Birth of a star -- The neutron club -- A field of dreams, an epiphany in a box -- The father of all bombs -- We're just breathing your air -- The superbowl of science -- Scotch tape.

How an American teenager became the youngest person ever to build a working nuclear fusion reactor. By the age of nine, Taylor Wilson had mastered the science of rocket propulsion. At eleven, his grandmother's cancer diagnosis drove him to investigate new ways to produce medical isotopes. And by fourteen, Wilson had built a 500-million-degree reactor and become the youngest person in history to achieve nuclear fusion. How could someone so young achieve so much, and what can Wilson's story teach parents and teachers about how to support high-achieving kids? Here, science journalist Tom Clynes narrates Taylor Wilson's extraordinary journey--from his Arkansas home where his parents fully supported his intellectual passions, to a unique Reno, Nevada, public high school just for academic superstars, to the present, when Wilson is winning international science competitions with devices designed to prevent terrorists from shipping radioactive material into the country. Along the way, Clynes reveals how our education system shortchanges gifted students, and what we can do to fix it.--From publisher description.

Bird, Kai.

New York : A.A. Knopf, 2005.

xiii, 721 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm

pt. 1. "He received every new idea as perfectly beautiful" -- "His separate prison" -- "I am having a pretty bad time" -- "I find the work hard, thank God, & almost pleasant" -- "I am Oppenheimer" -- "Oppie" -- "The nim nim boys" -- pt. 2. "In 1936 my interests began to change" -- "[Frank] clipped it out and sent it in" -- "More and more surely" -- "I'm going to marry a friend of yours, Steve" -- "We were pulling the new deal to the left" -- "The coordinator of rapid rupture" -- "The Chevalier affair" -- pt. 3. "He'd become very patriotic" -- "Too much secrecy" -- "Oppenheimer is telling the truth" -- "Suicide, motive unknown" -- "Would you like to adopt her? '' -- "Bohr was God, and Oppie was his prophet" -- "The impact of the gadget on civilization" -- "Now we're all sons-of-bitches" -- pt. 4. "Those poor little people" -- "I feel I have blood on my hands" -- "People could destroy New York" -- "Oppie had a rash and is now immune" -- "An intellectual hotel" -- "He couldn't understand why he did it" -- "I am sure that is why she threw things at him" -- "He never let on what his opinion was" -- "Dark words about Oppie" -- "Scientist X" -- "The beast in the jungle" -- pt. 5. "It looks pretty bad, doesn't it?" -- "I fear that this whole thing is a piece of idiocy" -- "A manifestation of hysteria" -- "A black mark on the escutcheon of our country" -- "I can still feel the warm blood on my hands" -- "It was really like a never-never-land" -- "It should have been done the day after trinity" -- "There's only one Robert."

J. Robert Oppenheimer is one of the iconic figures of the twentieth century, a physicist who led the effort to build the atomic bomb for his country in a time of war, and who later found himself confronting the moral consequences of scientific progress. In this biography twenty-five years in the making, Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin capture Oppenheimer's life and times, from his early career to his central role in the Cold War. --From publisher's description.

Gutfreund, Hanoch, author.

©2015

xviii, 237 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm

The charm of a manuscript -- Einstein's intellectual odyssey to general relativity -- The annotated manuscript -- Bibliographical notes to the annotation pages -- Postscript: the drama continues -- A chronology of the genesis of general relativity and its formative years -- Physicists, mathematicians, and philosophers relevant to Einstein's thinking -- Recommended reading -- English translation of Einstein's paper.

Brown, Brandon R., author.

New York : Oxford University Press, [2015]

xviii, 258 pages : illustrations, map ; 25 cm

October 1944 -- April 1943 -- Late May 1943 -- October 1943 -- January 1944 -- Winter 1943-1944 -- February 1944 -- April 1944 -- May 1944 -- July 1944: a celebration -- July 1944: an arrest -- August 1944 -- November 1944 -- January 1945 -- April 1945 -- May 1945 -- Coda: 1945-1947 -- Appendix.

Max Planck is credited with being the father of quantum theory, and his work laid the foundation for our modern understanding of matter and energetic processes. But Planck's story is not well known, especially in the United States. A German physicist working during the first half of the twentieth century, his library, personal journals, notebooks, and letters were all destroyed with his home in World War II. What remains, other than his contributions to science, are handwritten letters in German shorthand, and tributes from other scientists of the time, including his close friend Albert Einstein. Brown tells the story of Planck's friendship with the far more outspoken Albert Einstein, and shows how his work fits within the explosion of technology and science that occurred during his life. The story of a brilliant man living in a dangerous time, Brandon Brown gives Max Planck his rightful place in the history of science, and shows how war-torn Germany deeply impacted his life and work.

Gimbel, Steven, 1968- author.

©2015

ix, 191 pages ; 22 cm

The commonly held view of Albert Einstein is of an eccentric genius for whom the pursuit of science was everything. But in actuality, the brilliant innovator whose Theory of Relativity forever reshaped our understanding of time was a man of his times, always politically engaged and driven by strong moral principles. An avowed pacifist, Einstein's mistrust of authority and outspoken social and scientific views earned him death threats from Nazi sympathizers in the years preceding World War II. To him, science provided not only a means for understanding the behavior of the universe, but a foundation for considering the deeper questions of life and a way for the worldwide Jewish community to gain confidence and pride in itself. Steven Gimbel's biography presents Einstein in the context of the world he lived in, offering a fascinating portrait of a remarkable individual who remained actively engaged in international affairs throughout his life. This revealing work not only explains Einstein's theories in understandable terms, it demonstrates how they directly emerged from the realities of his times and helped create the world we live in today.

Cheng, Eugenia, author.

©2015

288 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm

Includes index.

Math. What is math? ; Abstraction ; Principles ; Process ; Generalization ; Internal vs. external ; Axiomatization ; What mathematics is -- Category theory. What is category theory? ; Context ; Relationships ; Structure ; Sameness ; Universal properties ; What category theory is.

Halpern, Paul, 1961- author.

©2015

x, 271 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm

Allies and adversaries -- The clockwork universe -- The crucible of gravity -- Matter waves and quantum jumps -- The quest for unification -- Spooky connections and zombie cats -- Luck of the Irish -- Physics by public relations -- The last waltz : Einstein's and Schrödinger's final years -- Beyond Einstein and Schrödinger : the ongoing search for unity.

Ball, Philip, 1962- author.

Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, [2015].

320 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

"Originally published by Bodley Head, 2013"--Title-page verso.

Why we disappear -- Occult forces -- Fear of obscurity -- Rays that bridge worlds -- Worlds without end -- All in the mind -- The people who can't be seen -- Vanishing point -- Bedazzled and confused -- Unseen at last?

If offered the chance--by cloak, spell or superpower--to be invisible, who wouldn't want to give it a try? We are drawn to the idea of stealthy voyeurism and the ability to conceal our own acts, but as desirable as it may seem, invisibility is also dangerous. It is not just an optical phenomenon, but a condition full of ethical questions. As esteemed science writer Philip Ball reveals in this book, the story of invisibility is not so much a matter of how it might be achieved but of why we want it and what we would do with it.

Stewart, Ian, 1945- author.

©2008

287 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm

Preface -- Tokens, tallies and tablets -- Logic of shape -- Notations and numbers -- Lure of the unknown -- Eternal triangles -- Curves and coordinates -- Patterns in numbers -- System of the world -- Patterns in nature -- Impossible quantities -- Firm foundations -- Impossible triangles -- Rise of symmetry -- Algebra comes of age -- Rubber sheet geometry -- Fourth dimension -- Shape of logic -- How likely is that? -- Number crunching -- Chaos and complexity -- Further reading -- Index.

Beginning with the first Babylonian number symbols and concluding with Fermat's Last Theorem and chaos theory, Steward provides a history of mathematics and answers fundamental questions.

Butterworth, Jon.

New York, NY : The Experiment, LLC, [2015]

xvi, 287 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Includes index.

"First published in the UK as Smashing physics by Headline Publishing Group, 2014"--Title-page verso.

Before the data -- Restart -- High energy -- Standard Model -- Rumours and limits -- First Higgs hints and some crazy neutrinos -- Closing in -- Discovery -- What next?

A leading member of the team at the Large Hadron Collider discusses his career in physics and his team's hunt for the elusive Higgs boson.

Aczel, Amir D., author.

New York City : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

x, 242 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.

"The invention of numerals is perhaps the greatest abstraction the human mind has ever created. Virtually everything in our lives is digital, numerical, or quantified. The story of how and where we got these numerals, which we so depend on, has for thousands of years been shrouded in mystery. Finding Zero is an adventure filled saga of Amir Aczel's lifelong obsession: to find the original sources of our numerals. Aczel has doggedly crisscrossed the ancient world, scouring dusty, moldy texts, cross examining so-called scholars who offered wildly differing sets of facts, and ultimately penetrating deep into a Cambodian jungle to find a definitive proof. Here, he takes the reader along for the ride. The history begins with the early Babylonian cuneiform numbers, followed by the later Greek and Roman letter numerals. Then Aczel asks the key question: where do the numbers we use today, the so-called Hindu-Arabic numerals, come from? It is this search that leads him to explore uncharted territory, to go on a grand quest into India, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and ultimately into the wilds of Cambodia. There he is blown away to find the earliest zero--the keystone of our entire system of numbers--on a crumbling, vine-covered wall of a seventh-century temple adorned with eaten-away erotic sculptures. While on this odyssey, Aczel meets a host of fascinating characters: academics in search of truth, jungle trekkers looking for adventure, surprisingly honest politicians, shameless smugglers, and treacherous archaeological thieves--who finally reveal where our numbers come from. "-- Provided by publisher.

Hodges, Andrew.

Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2014].

xxxii, 736 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 20 cm

This edition with a new preface by the author.

"First published by Burnett Books Ltd in association with Hutchinson Publishing Group, 1983"--T.p. verso.

The logical. Esprit de Corps : to 13 February 1930 ; The spirit of truth : to 14 April 1936 ; New men : to 3 September 1939 ; The relay race : to 10 November 1942 -- Bridge passage : to 1 April 1943 -- The physical. Running up : to 2 September 1945 ; Mercury delayed : to 2 October 1948 ; The Greenwood tree : to 7 February 1952 ; On the beach : to 7 June 1954 -- Postscript.

A gripping story of mathematics, computers, cryptography, and homosexual persecution. Hodges tells how Turing's revolutionary idea of 1936-- the concept of a universal machine-- laid the foundation for the modern computer. Turing brought the idea to practical realization in 1945 with his electronic design. This work was directly related to Turing's leading role in breaking the German Enigma ciphers during World War II, a scientific triumph that was critical to Allied victory in the Atlantic. Despite his wartime service, Turing was eventually arrested, stripped of his security clearance, and forced to undergo a humiliating treatment program-- all for trying to live honestly in a society that defined homosexuality as a crime.