Gutfreund, Hanoch, author.

Princeton : Princeton University Press, [2017]

xiv, 415 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm

"Featuring Einstein's Classic Text, The Meaning of Relativity, in its Historical Context" -- title page.

Einstein's first trip to America -- Structure and contents of the meaning of relativity -- Physics and geometry -- The principles of general relativity -- The first solutions and the challenge of their interpretation -- Einstein and astronomers -- The genesis of relativistic cosmology -- The controversy over gravitational waves -- Philosophical debates on general relativity -- The quest for a unified field theory -- Early monographs on relativity -- Beyond the formative years -- Pre-relativity physics -- The theory of special relativity -- The general theory of relativity -- The general theory of relativity (continued).

Schilling, Govert, author.

©2017

xi, 339 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

A spacetime appetizer -- Relatively speaking -- Einstein on trial -- Wave talk and bar fights -- The lives of stars -- Clockwork precision -- Laser quest -- The path to perfection -- Creation stories -- Cold case -- Gotcha -- Black magic -- Nanoscience -- Follow-up questions -- Space invaders -- Surf's up for Einstein wave astronomy.

It has already been called the scientific breakthrough of the century: the detection of gravitational waves. Einstein predicted these tiny ripples in the fabric of spacetime nearly a hundred years ago, but they were never perceived directly until now. Decades in the making, this momentous discovery has given scientists a new understanding of the cataclysmic events that shape the universe and a new confirmation of Einstein's theory of general relativity. Ripples in Spacetime is an engaging account of the international effort to complete Einstein's project, capture his elusive ripples, and launch an era of gravitational-wave astronomy that promises to explain, more vividly than ever before, our universe's structure and origin. The quest for gravitational waves involved years of risky research and many personal and professional struggles that threatened to derail one of the world's largest scientific endeavors. Govert Schilling takes readers to sites where these stories unfolded--including Japan's KAGRA detector, Chile's Atacama Cosmology Telescope, the South Pole's BICEP detectors, and the United States' LIGO labs. He explains the seeming impossibility of developing technologies sensitive enough to detect waves from two colliding black holes in the very distant universe, and describes the astounding precision of the LIGO detectors. Along the way Schilling clarifies concepts such as general relativity, neutron stars, and the big bang using language that readers with little scientific background can grasp.-- Provided by publisher

Baggott, J. E., author.

©2017

xvi, 346 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Part I. Atom and void -- The quiet citadel -- Things-in-themselves -- An impression of force -- The sceptical chymists -- Part II. Mass and energy -- A very interesting conclusion -- Incommensurable -- The fabric -- In the heart of darkness -- Part III. Wave and particle -- An act of desperation -- The wave equation -- The only mystery -- Mass bare and dressed -- Part IV. Field and force -- The symmetries of nature -- The Goddamn particle -- The standard model -- Mass without mass.

Everything around us is made of 'stuff', from planets, to books, to our own bodies. Whatever it is, we call it matter or material substance. It is solid; it has mass. But what is matter, exactly? We are taught in school that matter is not continuous, but discrete. As a few of the philosophers of ancient Greece once speculated, nearly two and a half thousand years ago, matter comes in 'lumps', and science has relentlessly peeled away successive layers of matter to reveal its ultimate constituents.

Berman, Bob, author.

New York : Little, Brown and Company, 2017.

vi, 261 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Light fantastic -- Now you see it, now you don't -- The green planet and the red heat -- Hot rays -- Ultraviolet brings the blues -- Danger beyond the violet -- Energy rhythms -- The exploding sun -- No soap -- Turning on and tuning in -- The speed that destroyed space and time -- Microwaves everywhere -- The man with the x-ray vision -- Röntgen rays for everyone -- What's in your basement? -- The atomic quartet -- Gamma rays: the impossible light -- Cell-phone radiation -- Cosmic rays -- Beams from the universe's birth -- Energy from our minds -- Ray guns -- The next frontier: zero-point and dark energies -- Total solar eclipse: when the rays stop -- ET's may be broadcasting, but what's their number? -- Does light have a bright future?

"Zapped tells the story of all the light we cannot see, tracing microwaves, X-rays, gamma rays, radio waves, infrared, ultraviolet, and other forms of radiation from their historic, world-altering discoveries in the nineteenth century to their central role in modern life"--Provided by publisher.

New York, NY : Random House

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

New York, NY : Penguin Random House, Inc.

volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

New York, NY : Penguin Random House, c2015-

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

New York, NY : Penguin Random House, c2014-

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

New York, NY : Random House,

v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

New York, NY : Penguin Random House, Inc.

volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm

At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Salsburg, David, 1931- author.

Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2017]

xiii, 154 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.

The transit of Venus -- Probability versus likelihood -- The central limit conjecture -- Measuring disease -- Other uses of multilinear models -- When multilinear regression is not adequate -- Correlation versus causation -- Regression and big data -- Contaminated distributions -- The Princeton robustness study -- When the blunder is what you want -- Parsing "blunders" -- The reigns of kings -- Searching for the "real" Davy Crockett -- Detecting falsified counts -- Uncovering secrets -- Errors, blunders, or curbstoning?

We live in a world that is not quite 'right'. The central tenet of statistical inquiry is that Observation = Truth + Error because even the most careful of scientific investigations have always been bedevilled by uncertainty. Our attempts to measure things are plagued with small errors. Our attempts to understand our world are blocked by blunders. And, unfortunately, in some cases, people have been known to lie. In this follow-up to his acclaimed best-seller, The Lady Tasting Tea, David Salsburg opens a door to the widespread use of statistical methods by looking at historical examples of errors, blunders and lies from areas as diverse as archaeology, law, economics, medicine, psychology, sociology, Biblical studies, history, and war-time espionage. In doing so, he shows how, upon closer statistical investigation, errors and blunders often lead to useful information. And how statistical methods have been used to uncover falsified data. Beginning with Edmund Halley's examination of the Transit of Venus and ending with discussions of how many tanks Rommel had during the Second World War and whether modern African censuses contain falsified data, the author invites the reader to come along on this easily-accessible and fascinating journey of how to identify the nature of errors, minimize the effects of blunders, and figure out who the liars are.

Almossawi, Ali, author.

New York, New York : Viking, [2017]

xi, 145 pages ; 24 cm

Includes index.

Algorithmic thinking in everyday life -- Match those socks -- Find your size -- Pop to the shops -- Bring him home -- Sort that post -- Be more hip -- Update that status -- Get the jobs done -- Fix that necklace -- Locate that box -- Fill those shelves -- Navigate those aisles -- Final thoughts.

An introduction to algorithms and their problem-solving potential in the everyday world outlines alternative methods for managing twelve different scenarios using the same systems that underline a word processor, a Google search engine, or a Facebook ad.

Willis, Judy.

Alexandria, Va. : ASCD, ©2010.

x, 195 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm

Reversing math negativity with an attitude makeover -- Understanding and planning achievable challenge -- Examples of differentiated planning for achievable challenge -- Reducing mistake anxiety -- Change your intelligence? Yes, you can! -- Motivating all of your students -- Bringing the real world to the math classroom -- Creating student goals for motivation.

Dr. Judy Willis presents this informative guide to getting better results in math class. Willis presents a practical approach for how we can improve academic results by demonstrating certain behaviors and teaching students in a way that minimizes negativity.

Scheinerman, Edward R., author.

©2017

xx, 274 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Part I. Number : 1. Prime numbers ; 2. Binary ; 3. 0.999999999999... ; 4. [Square root of]2 ; 5. i ; 6. [Pi] ; 7. e ; 8. [Infinity] ; 9. Fibonacci numbers ; 10. Factorial! ; 11. Benford's law ; 12. Algorithm ; -- Part II. Shape: 13. Triangles ; 14. Pythagoras and Fermat ; 15. Circles ; 16. The platonic solids ; 17. Fractals ; 18. Hyperbolic geometry -- Part III. Uncertainty: 19. Nontransitive dice ; 20. Medical probability ; 21. Chaos ; 22. Social choice and Arrow's theorem ; 23. Newcomb's paradox.

In bite-sized chapters that require only high school algebra, [Edward Scheinerman] invites recreational mathematicians and neophytes alike to try their hands at solving mathematical puzzles and provides an engaging and friendly tour of numbers, shapes, and uncertainty. The result is an unforgettable introduction to the fundamentals and pleasures of thinking mathematically. -- From book jacket.

Shurkin, Joel N., 1938- author.

Amherst, New York : Prometheus Books, 2017.

308 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm

The tinkerers -- Fermi -- The super -- Garwin's design -- Garwin, Lederman, and the Marx Brothers -- IBM & LampLight -- Advising presidents-or not -- JASONS -- Vietnam and McNamara's Wall -- Super sonic transport -- Offense -- The great gap -- Treaty -- Star wars -- Gravity -- Health, pandemics -- Far out -- Rumpled -- Decline of influence.

"The first biography of Richard Garwin, a physicist whose work has had wide-ranging impacts on modern life from well-known technical innovations to progress in nuclear disarmament"-- Provided by publisher.

Devlin, Keith J., author.

©2017

vi, 241 pages : illustrations, facsimiles, portraits ; 23 cm

Sputnik and calculus -- The flood plain -- The manuscript -- First steps -- The statue -- A walk along the Pisan riverbank -- A very boring book? -- Franci -- Publishing Fibonacci: from the cloister to Amazon.com -- Translation -- Reading Fibonacci -- Manuscript hunting, part I (failures) -- Manuscript hunting, part II (success at last) -- The missing link -- This will change the world -- Leonardo and the birth of modern finance -- Reflections in a medieval mirror -- Guide to the chapters of Liber abbaci.

In 2000, Keith Devlin set out to research the life and legacy of the medieval mathematician Leonardo of Pisa, popularly known as Fibonacci, whose book Liber abbaci has quite literally affected the lives of everyone alive today. Although he is most famous for the Fibonacci numbers--which, it so happens, he didn't invent--Fibonacci's greatest contribution was as an expositor of mathematical ideas at a level ordinary people could understand. In 1202, Liber abbaci--the "Book of Calculation"--introduced modern arithmetic to the Western world. Yet Fibonacci was long forgotten after his death, and it was not until the 1960s that his true achievements were finally recognized. Finding Fibonacci is Devlin's compelling firsthand account of his ten-year quest to tell Fibonacci's story. Devlin, a math expositor himself, kept a diary of the undertaking, which he draws on here to describe the project's highs and lows, its false starts and disappointments, the tragedies and unexpected turns, some hilarious episodes, and the occasional lucky breaks. You will also meet the unique individuals Devlin encountered along the way, people who, each for their own reasons, became fascinated by Fibonacci, from the Yale professor who traced modern finance back to Fibonacci to the Italian historian who made the crucial archival discovery that brought together all the threads of Fibonacci's astonishing story. Fibonacci helped to revive the West as the cradle of science, technology, and commerce, yet he vanished from the pages of history. This is Devlin's search to find him. -- Back cover.

Everett, Caleb, author.

Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, 2017.

viii, 297 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Prologue: On the success of our species -- Part One. Numbers pervade the human experience: Numbers woven into our present -- Numbers carved into our past -- A numerical journey around the world today -- Beyond number words: other kinds of numeric language -- Part Two. Worlds without numbers: Anumeric people today -- Quantities in the minds of young children -- Quantities in the minds of animals -- Part Three. Numbers and the shaping of our lives: Inventing numbers and arithmetic -- Numbers and culture: subsistence and symbolism -- Transformative tools.

Numbers and the Making of Us examines the origins and effects of numbers--words and other symbols for quantities. It focuses on the influence that numbers have had on human thought. As a result of this influence, the book claims, numbers transformed the human narrative. This transformation is supported by data from many disciplines: archaeology, linguistics, psychology, and primatology. The book surveys the types of number systems that have been innovated independently in languages around the world, most of which (like our own decimal system) owe themselves in one way or another to the shape of our hands. Furthermore, the book examines evidence from anumeric humans, such as those the author has conducted research with in Amazonia, as it advances the following claim: Numbers served as a pivotal cognitive invention, an underappreciated tool whose usage ultimately resulted in the societies most of us now live in. In short, the book suggests that verbal and written numbers served as a cognitive foundation of sorts, helping to establish the ground floor of all sorts of distinctly human behaviors. These include elaborate agriculture, writing, the telling of time, and many other aspects of the human experience that are all ultimately dependent on the simple invention of numbers.-- Provided by publisher

Kakalios, James, 1958- author.

New York : Crown, 2017.

245 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

You begin your day -- You drive into the city -- You go to the doctor -- You go to the airport -- You take a flight -- You give a business presentation -- You go to a hotel.

"Easy-to-follow and imaginative explanations about the extraordinary physics that invisibly guides our daily lives"--Provided by publisher.

Krauss, Lawrence M., 1954- author.

New York : Atria Books, 2017.

xii, 322 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Includes index.

Part 1: Genesis. From the armoire to the cave ; Seeing in the dark ; Through a glass, lightly ; There, and back again ; A stitch in time ; The shadows of reality ; A universe stranger than fiction ; A wrinkle in time ; Decay and rubble ; From here to eternity : shedding light on the sun -- Part 2: Exodus. Desperate times and desperate measure ; March of the titans ; Endless forms most beautiful : symmetry strikes back ; Cold, stark reality : breaking bad or beautiful? ; Living inside a superconductor ; The bearable heaviness of being : symmetry broken, physics fixed -- Part 3: Revelation. The wrong place at the right time ; The fog lifts ; Free at last ; Spanking the vacuum ; Gothic cathedrals of the twenty-first century ; More questions than answers ; From a beer party to the end of time ; Cosmic humility.

An award-winning theoretical physicist traces the dramatic discovery of the counterintuitive world of reality, explaining how readers can shift their perspectives to gain greater understandings of our individual roles in the universe. --Publisher.

Hattie, John, author.

Thousand Oaks, California : Corwin Mathematics, [2017]

xxvii, 269 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Make learning visible in mathematics. Forgetting the past -- What makes for good instruction? -- The evidence base -- Noticing what does and does not work -- Direct and dialogic approaches to teaching and learning -- The balance of surface, deep, and transfer learning -- Surface, deep, and transfer learning working in concert -- Making learning visible starts with teacher clarity. Learning intentions for mathematics -- Success criteria for mathematics -- Preassessments -- Mathematical tasks and talk that guide learning. Making learning visible through appropriate mathematical tasks -- Making learning visible through mathematical talk -- Surface mathematics learning made visible. The nature of surface learning -- Selecting mathematical tasks that promote surface learning -- Mathematical talk that guides surface learning -- Mathematical talk and metacognition -- Strategic use of vocabulary instruction -- Strategic use of manipulatives for surface learning -- Strategic use of spaced practice with feedback -- Strategic use of mnemonics -- Deep mathematics learning made visible. The nature of deep learning -- Selecting mathematical tasks that promote deep learning -- Mathematical talk that guides deep learning -- Mathematical thinking in whole class and small group discourse -- Small group collaboration and discussion strategies -- Whole class collaboration and discourse strategies -- Using multiple representations to promote deep learning -- Strategic use of manipulatives for deep learning -- Making mathematics learning visible through transfer learning. The nature of transfer learning -- The paths for transfer: low-road hugging and high-road bridging -- Selecting mathematical tasks that promote transfer learning -- Conditions necessary for transfer learning -- Metacognition promotes transfer learning -- Mathematical talk that promotes transfer learning -- Helping students connect mathematical understandings -- Helping students transform mathematical understandings -- Assessment, feedback, and meeting the needs of all learners. Assessing learning and providing feedback -- Meeting individual needs through differentiation -- Learning from what doesn't work -- Visible mathematics teaching and visible mathematics learning -- Appendices. A. Effect sizes -- B. Standards for mathematical practice -- C. A selection of international mathematical practice or process standards -- D. Eight effective mathematics teaching practices -- E. Websites to help make mathematics learning visible.

Rich tasks, collaborative work, number talks, problem-based learning, direct instruction, with so many possible approaches, how do we know which ones work the best? In Visible Learning for Mathematics, six acclaimed educators assert it's not about which one, it's about when ; and show you how to design high-impact instruction so all students demonstrate more than a year's worth of mathematics learning for a year spent in school. That's a high bar, but with the amazing K-12 framework here, you choose the right approach at the right time, depending upon where learners are within three phases of learning: surface, deep, and transfer. This results in visible learning because the effect is tangible. The framework is forged out of current research in mathematics combined with John Hattie's synthesis of more than 15 years of education research involving 300 million students. Chapter by chapter, and equipped with video clips, planning tools, rubrics, and templates, you get the inside track on which instructional strategies to use at each phase of the learning cycle: Surface learning phase: When, through carefully constructed experiences, students explore new concepts and make connections to procedural skills and vocabulary that give shape to developing conceptual understandings. Deep learning phase: When, through the solving of rich high-cognitive tasks and rigorous discussion, students make connections among conceptual ideas, form mathematical generalizations, and apply and practice procedural skills with fluency. Transfer phase: When students can independently think through more complex mathematics, and can plan, investigate, and elaborate as they apply what they know to new mathematical situations. To equip students for higher-level mathematics learning, we have to be clear about where students are, where they need to go, and what it looks like when they get there. Visible Learning for Math brings about powerful, precision teaching for K-12 through intentionally designed guided, collaborative, and independent learning. -- Provided by publisher.

Rovelli, Carlo, 1956- author.

©2016

280 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Originally published in Italian under the title: La Realtà non è come ci appare.

English translation published in Great Britain by Allen Lane, an imprint of Penguin Random House UK.

Walking along the shore -- Roots. Grains ; Is there a limit to divisibility? ; The nature of things ; The classics. Isaac and the little moon ; Michael : fields and light -- The beginning of the revolution. Albert ; The extended present ; The most beautiful of theories ; Mathematics or physics? ; The cosmos ; Quanta. Albert again ; Niels, Werner, and Paul ; Fields and particles are the same thing ; Quanta 1 : information is finite ; Quanta 2 : indeterminacy ; Quanta 3 : reality is relation ; But do we really understand? -- Quantum space and relational time. Spacetime is quantum. Matvei ; John ; The loop's first steps ; Quanta of space. Spectra of volume and area ; Atoms of space ; Spin networks ; Time does not exist. Time is not what we think it is ; The candle chandelier and the pulse ; Spacetime sushi ; Spinfoam ; What is the world made of? -- Beyond space and time. Beyond the Big Bang. The master ; Quantum cosmology ; Empirical confirmations? Signals from nature ; A window onto quantum gravity ; Quantum black holes ; The end of infinity ; Information. Thermal time ; Reality and information -- Mystery.

"A closer look at the mind-bending nature of the universe. What are the elementary ingredients of the world? Do time and space exist? And what exactly is reality? Theoretical physicist Carlo Rovelli has spent his life exploring these questions. He tells us how our understanding of reality has changed over the centuries and how physicists think about the structure of the universe today. In elegant and accessible prose, Rovelli takes us on a wondrous journey from Democritus to Albert Einstein, from Michael Faraday to gravitational waves, and from classical physics to his own work in quantum gravity. As he shows us how the idea of reality has evolved over time, Rovelli offers deeper explanations of the theories he introduced so concisely in Seven Brief Lessons on Physics. This book culminates in a lucid overview of quantum gravity, the field of research that explores the quantum nature of space and time, seeking to unify quantum mechanics and general relativity. Rovelli invites us to imagine a marvelous world where space breaks up into tiny grains, time disappears at the smallest scales, and black holes are waiting to explode--a vast universe still largely undiscovered."--Dust jacket.

Czerski, Helen, 1978- author.

©2016

275 pages ; 25 cm

Popcorn and rockets -- What goes up must come down -- Small is beautiful -- A moment in time -- Making waves -- Why don't ducks get cold feet? -- Spoons, spirals and Sputnik -- When opposites attract -- A sense of perspective.

"A physicist explains daily phenomena from the mundane to the magisterial. In Storm in a Teacup, Helen Czerski provides the tools to alter the way we see everything around us by linking ordinary objects and occurrences, like popcorn popping, coffee stains, and fridge magnets, to big ideas like climate change, the energy crisis, or innovative medical testing. She guides us through the principles of gases ("Explosions in the kitchen are generally considered a bad idea. But just occasionally a small one can produce something delicious"); gravity (drop some raisins in a bottle of carbonated lemonade and watch the whoosh of bubbles and the dancing raisins at the bottom bumping into each other); size (Czerski explains the action of the water molecules that cause the crime-scene stain left by a puddle of dried coffee); and time (why it takes so long for ketchup to come out of a bottle). Along the way, she provides answers to vexing questions: How does water travel from the roots of a redwood tree to its crown? How do ducks keep their feet warm when walking on ice? Why does milk, when added to tea, look like billowing storm clouds? In an engaging voice at once warm and witty, Czerski shares her stunning breadth of knowledge to lift the veil of familiarity from the ordinary."--Provided by publisher.

Weatherall, James Owen, author.

©2016

196 pages ; 23 cm.

Prologue: Much ado about nothing -- The plenum and the void -- Waves of space itself -- The nothing nothings -- Epilogue: Why nothing really matters: quantum gravity and beyond.

James Owen Weatherall's previous book, The Physics of Wall Street, was a New York Times best-seller and named one of Physics Today's five most intriguing books of 2013. In his newest volume, he takes on a fundamental concept of modern physics: nothing. The physics of stuff--protons, neutrons, electrons, and even quarks and gluons--is at least somewhat familiar to most of us. But what about the physics of nothing? Isaac Newton thought of empty space as nothingness extended in all directions, a kind of theater in which physics could unfold. But both quantum theory and relativity tell us that Newton's picture can't be right. Nothing, it turns out, is an awful lot like something, with a structure and properties every bit as complex and mysterious as matter. In his signature lively prose, Weatherall explores the very nature of empty space--and solidifies his reputation as a science writer to watch.