Kelley, W. Michael, author.

©2016

xiv, 338 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Includes index.

The roots of calculus -- Laying the foundation for calculus -- The derivative -- The integral -- Differential equations and more.

"Let's face it: the thought of Calculus I can be daunting. But it needn't be. in this helpful guide, the fundamentals of Calculus I are taught in easy-to-understand terms, with lots of explanatory graphs and illustrations and over 150 practice problems that feature simple, step-by-step solutions to really explain what you need to know,"--page [4] of cover.

Ryan, Mark, 1955- author.

©2016

xii, 391 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.

Includes index.

Getting started with geometry basics -- Introducing proofs -- Triangles: polygons of the three-sided variety -- Polygons of the four-or-more-sided variety -- Working with not-so-vicious circles -- Going deep with 3-D geometry -- Placement, points, and pictures: alternative geometry topics -- The part of tens.

Herneck, Friedrich, author.

©2016

204 pages, 16 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations ; 23 cm

Originally published in German: Einstein privat : Herta W. erinnert sich an die Jahre 1927 bis 1933 / Friedrich Herneck (Berlin : Der Morgen, c1978).

Introductory remarks -- Friedrich Herneck, historian of science in difficult times / by Dieter B. Herrmann -- Einstein's road to Berlin -- and beyond / by Josef Eisinger -- Einstein at home: Herta W. recalls the years 1927 to 1933 / by Friedrich Herneck

"These intimate, candid descriptions of the private life of Albert Einstein come from a series of interviews with Herta Waldow, a housekeeper who lived with Einstein and his wife and daughter from 1927 to 1933 at their residence in Berlin. After World War II, science historian Friedrich Herneck interviewed Ms. Waldow and published the conversations in the former East Germany. Unavailable in English till now, these five interviews offer fascinating glimpses into the great scientist's daily routines while he lived as a celebrated scientist in Weimar Germany."--Amazon.

Kanigel, Robert, author.

©1991

x, 438 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits, maps ; 22 cm

One. In The Temple's Coolness/1887 to 1903 -- 1. Dakshin Gange -- 2. Sarangapani Sannidhi Street -- 3. A Brahmin Boyhood -- 4. Off-scale -- 5. The Goddess of Namakkal -- Two. Ranging With Delight/1903 to 1908 -- 1. The Book of Carr -- 2. The Cambridge of South India -- 3. Flight -- 4. Another Try -- 5. The Notebooks -- 6. A Thought of God -- 7. Enough is Enough -- Three. The Search For Patrons/1908 to 1913 -- 1. Janaki -- 2. Door-to-Door -- 3. "Leisure" in Madras -- 4. Jacob Bernoulli and His Numbers -- 5. The Port Trust -- 6. The British Raj -- 7. The Letter -- Four. Hardy/G. H. Hardy to 1913 -- 1. Forever Young -- 2. Horseshoe Lane -- 3. Flint and Stone -- 4. A Fellow of Trinity -- 5. "The Magic Air" -- 6. The Hardy School -- Five. "I Beg To Introduce Myself..."/1913 to 1914 -- 1. The Letter -- 2. "I Have Found in You a Friend ..." -- 3. "Does Ramanujan Know Polish?" -- 4. A Dream at Namakkal -- 5. At the Dock -- Six. Ramanujan's Spring/1914 to 1916 -- 1. Out of India -- 2. Together -- 3. The flames of Louvain -- 4. The zeroes of the zeta function -- 5. S. Ramanujan, B.A. -- Seven. The English Chill/1916 to 1918 -- 1. High table -- 2. An Indian in England -- 3. "A singularly happy collaboration" -- 4. Deepening the hole -- 5. "All us big steamers" -- 6. The Danish phenomenon -- 7. Trouble back home -- 8. The Nelson monument -- 9. Ramanujan, mathematics, and God -- 10. Singularities at X = 1 -- 11. Slipped from memory -- Eight. "In Somewhat Indifferent Health"/from 1918 -- 1. "All the world seemed young again" -- 2. Return to the cauvery -- 3. The final problem -- 4. A son of India -- 5. Ramanujan reborn -- 6. Better blast furnaces? -- 7. Svayambhu.

A biography of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. The book gives a detailed account of his upbringing in India, his mathematical achievements, and his mathematical collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy. The book also reviews the life of Hardy and the academic culture of Cambridge University during the early twentieth century.

Amdahl, Kenn.

Broomfield, Colo. : Clearwater Pub., 1995.

258 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Introductory stuff -- The game -- Numbers with interesting properties -- Fraction refresher -- Terms, factors, and polynomials -- Rearranging expressions -- Handy tricks and magic words -- Solving equations -- Graphing -- Sometimes there's more than one answer -- Functions and formulas -- Systems of equations -- Looking forward.

"Explains the basic concepts, vocabulary and strategies of algebra. No exercises, just clear writing, humor and information."--Page 4 of cover.

O'Shea, Owen, 1956-

Amherst, New York : Prometheus Books, 2016.

330 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm

Some words on the Lo Shu and other magic squares -- The call of the primes -- Some words on Pythagorean triples -- The Monty Hall problem and other deceptive puzzles in probability theory -- The Fibonacci sequence -- The Lucas sequence -- The irrational number Phi -- The square root of -1 -- The square root of -2 -- The square numbers -- The triangular numbers -- The transcendental number known as π -- The transcendental number ℯ -- Pascal's triangle -- Some strange and remarkable coincidences -- Beautiful mathematical equations.

This sampler of entertaining mathematical diversions reveals the elegance and extraordinary usefulness of mathematics for readers who think they have no aptitude for the subject. If you like any kind of game at all, you’ll enjoy the amazing mathematical puzzles and patterns presented here in straightforward terms that any layperson can understand. From magic squares and the mysterious qualities of prime numbers to Pythagorean triples, probability theory, the Fibonacci sequence, and more, the author shows that math can be fun while having some profound implications.

Levin, Janna, author.

©2016

241 pages ; 22 cm

When black holes collide -- High fidelity -- Natural resources -- Culture shock -- Joe Weber -- Prototypes -- The Troika -- The climb -- Weber and Trimble -- LHO -- Skunkworks -- Gambling -- Rashomon -- LLO -- Little cave on Figueroa -- The race is on.

"In 1916, Einstein became the first to predict the existence of gravitational waves: sounds without a material medium generated by the unfathomably energy-producing collision of black holes. Now, Janna Levin, herself an astrophysicist, recounts the story of the search, over the last fifty years, for these elusive waves--a quest that has culminated in the creation of the most expensive project ever funded by the National Science Foundation ($1 billion-plus). She makes clear the how the waves are created in the cosmic collision of black holes, and why the waves can never be detected by telescope. And, most revealingly, she delves into the lives and fates of the four scientists currently engaged in--and obsessed with--discerning this soundtrack of the universe's history. Levin's account of the surprises, disappointments, achievements, and risks of this unfolding story provides us with a uniquely compelling and intimate portrait of the people and processes of modern science"-- Provided by publisher.

Mazur, Joseph.

New York : Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, [2016]

viii, 273 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Introduction -- The stories -- Exceptional moments -- The girl from Petrovka and other benign coincidences -- Meaningful coincidences -- The mathematics -- What are the chances? -- Bernoulli's gift -- Long strings of heads -- Pascal's triangle -- The problem with monkeys -- The analysis -- Enormity of the world -- The stories of chapter 2 revisited -- The head-scratchers -- Evidence -- Discovery -- Risk -- Psychic power -- Sir Gawain and the Green Knight -- Epilogue.

Looks at coincidences and unlikely occurrences, delving into the mathematical concepts of probability and sharing stories of striking flukes and coincidences from around the world.

Hacker, Andrew, author.

©2016

239 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

The "M" in STEM -- A harsh and senseless hurdle -- Will plumbers need polynomials? -- Does your dermatologist use calculus? -- Gender gaps -- Does mathematics enhance our minds? -- The Mandarins -- The Common Core: one size fits all -- Discipline versus discovery -- Teaching, tracking, testing -- How not to treat statistics -- Numeracy 101.

Rovelli, Carlo, 1956- author.

©2014

86 pages : illustrations ; 20 cm

Includes index.

The most beautiful of theories -- Quanta -- The architecture of the cosmos -- Particles -- Grains of space -- Probability, time, and the heat of black holes -- Ourselves.

An introduction to modern physics by a founder of the loop quantum gravity theory shares seven succinct lessons on topics ranging from general relativity and quantum mechanics to elementary particles and black holes.

Jorgensen, Timothy J., author.

Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2016]

xiii, 490 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Preface. Nuclear Jaguars -- Part one: Radiation 101: the basics. Now you see it: radiation revealed ; Seek and you shall find: radioactivity everywhere ; Splitting hairs: atomic particles and nuclear fission -- Part two: the health effects of radiation. Painted into a corner: radiation and occupational illness ; The Hippocratic Paradox: radiation cures cancer ; Location, location, location: radiation sickness ; Snow warning: radioactive fallout ; After the dust settles: measuring the cancer risk of radiation ; Breeding season: genetic effects ; Crystal clear: the target for radiation damage -- Part three: weighing the risks and benefits of radiation. Silent spring: radon in homes ; A tale of two cities: diagnostic radiography ; Sorry, wrong number: cell phones ; Hot tuna: radioactivity in food ; Blue moon: nuclear power plant accidents ; The things they carried: geopolitical radiation threats -- Epilogue. N-Rays.

"More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power plants. But how much do we really know about radiation? And what are its actual dangers? An accessible blend of narrative history and science, Strange Glow describes mankind's extraordinary, thorny relationship with radiation, including the hard-won lessons of how radiation helps and harms our health. Timothy Jorgensen explores how our knowledge of and experiences with radiation in the last century can lead us to smarter personal decisions about radiation exposures today. Jorgensen introduces key figures in the story of radiation--from Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of x-rays, and pioneering radioactivity researchers Marie and Pierre Curie, to Thomas Edison and the victims of the recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Tracing the most important events in the evolution of radiation, Jorgensen explains exactly what radiation is, how it produces certain health consequences, and how we can protect ourselves from harm. He also considers a range of practical scenarios such as the risks of radon in our basements, radiation levels in the fish we eat, questions about cell-phone use, and radiation's link to cancer. Jorgensen empowers us to make informed choices while offering a clearer understanding of broader societal issues. Investigating radiation's benefits and risks, Strange Glow takes a remarkable look at how, for better or worse, radiation has transformed our society."--provided by publisher.

Kucharski, Adam (Mathematician)

New York : Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, ©2016.

xvi, 271 pages ; 24 cm

Introduction -- The three degrees of ignorance -- A brute force business -- From Los Alamos to Monte Carlo -- Pundits with PhDs -- Rise of the robots -- Life consists of bluffing -- The model opponent -- Beyond card counting.

Watson, Bruce, 1953- author.

New York, NY : Bloomsbury, 2016.

xiv, 282 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm

"This light is come" : myths of creation and first light -- "The thing you call light" : early philosophers from Greece to China -- :The highest bliss" : the millennium of divine radiance -- "A glass like a glittering star" : Islam's Golden Age -- "Bright is the noble edifice" : paradise in the Middle Ages -- Chiaro e scuro : light and dark on canvas -- "Investigate with me what light is" : the Scientific Revolution and the Century of Celestial Light -- "In my darken'd chamber" : Isaac Newton and "Opticks" -- "A wild and harmonized tune" : the Romantics and the light seductive -- Undulations : particle vs. wave -- Lumière : France's dazzling century -- "Little globe of sunshine" : electricity conquers the night -- c: Einstein and the quanta, particle, and wave -- "Catching up with our dreams" : lasers and other everyday wonders.

"Delving into mythology, religion, philosophy, painting, and science, 'Light' captures the wonder and awe of humanity's study of light across three millennia of discovery"--Front jacket flap.

©2016

xxvi, 363 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 22 cm

Introduction / Mircea Pitici -- A dusty discipline / Michael J. Barany and Donald MacKenzie -- How puzzles made us human / Pradeep Mutalik -- Let the games continue / Colm Mulcahy and Dana Richards -- Challenging magic squares for magicians / Arthur T. Benjamin and Ethan J. Brown -- Candy Crush's puzzling mathematics / Toby Walsh -- Chaos on the billiard table / Marianne Freiberger -- Juggling with numbers / Erik R. Tou -- The quest for randomness / Scott Aaronson -- Synthetic biology, real mathematics / Dana Mackenzie -- At the far ends of a new universal law / Natalie Wolchover -- Twisted math and beautiful geometry / Eli Maor and Eugen Jost -- Kenichi Miura's water wheel, or, The dance of the shapes of constant width / Burkard Polster -- Dürer: disguise, distance, disagreements, and diagonals! / Annalisa Crannell, Marc Frantz, and Fumiko Futamura -- The quaternion group as a symmetry group / Vi Hart and Henry Segerman -- The Steiner-Lehmus angle-bisector theorem / John Conway and Alex Ryba -- Key ideas and memorability in proof / Gila Hanna and John Mason -- The future of high school mathematics / Jim Fey, Sol Garfunkel, Diane Briars, Andy Isaacs, Henry Pollak, Eric Robinson, Richard Scheaffer, Alan Schoenfeld, Cathy Seeley, Dan Teague, and Zalman Usiskin -- Demystifying the math myth: analyzing the contributing factors for the achievement gap between Chinese and U.S. students / Guili Zhang and Miguel A. Padilla -- The pigeonhole principle, two centuries before Dirichlet / Benoît Rittaud and Albrecht Heeffer -- A prehistory of Nim / Lisa Rougetet -- Gödel, Gentzen, Goodstein: the magic sound of a G-string / Jan von Plato -- Global and local / James Franklin -- Mathematical beauty, understanding, and discovery / Carlo Cellucci -- A guide for the perplexed: what mathematicians need to know to understand philosophers of mathematics / Mark Balaguer -- Writing about math for the perplexed and the traumatized / Steven Strogatz -- Is big data enough? A reflection on the changing role of mathematics in applications / Domenico Napoletani, Marco Panza, and Daniele C. Struppa -- The statistical crisis in science / Andrew Gelman and Eric Loken -- Statistics and the Ontario Lottery retailer scandal / Jeffrey S. Rosenthal -- Never say never / David J. Hand.

An anthology of the year's finest writing on mathematics from around the world, featuring promising new voices as well as some of the foremost names in mathematics.

Heilbron, J. L., author.

©2015

ix, 228 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm

The Greek way -- Invention in antiquity. Physica ; Applications ; Dumbing down -- Selection in Islam. Falsafa ; Mixed mathematics ; Departures -- Domestication in Europe. At the interface ; Alma mater ; Fresh imports -- A second creation. Revolution or integration? ; The invention of physics ; Institutional frameworks ; Physics and enlightenment -- Classical physics and its cure. Standard models ; Physicists as librarians ; Woes and wonders in 1900 ; The profession -- From Old World to new. Legacies of World War I ; The legacy enriched ; Other interwar business ; Americanization -- The quintessential.

"How does the physics we know today-- a highly professionalized enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry-- link back to its origins as a liberal art in ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive international projects that hunt down fundamental particles and industrial laboratories that manufacture marvels? John Heilbron's fascinating history of physics introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians, calculating the size of the earth whilst their caliphs conquered much of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating light; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and trying to explain, the universe. We visit the 'House of Wisdom' in 9th-century Baghdad; Europe's first universities; the courts of the Renaissance; the Scientific Revolution and the academies of the 18th century; the increasingly specialized world of 20th and 21st century science. Highlighting the shifting relationship between physics, philosophy, mathematics, and technology-- and the implications for humankind's self-understanding-- Heilbron explores the changing place and purpose of physics in the cultures and societies that have nurtured it over the centuries"-- Publisher's description

White, Michael, 1959- author.

New York, NY : Pegasus Books LLC, [2016]

xii, 447 pages ; 23 cm

Revised and updated edition.

The day Galileo died -- Classical cosmology -- Going up -- Doctors and doctorates -- From black holes to the big bang -- Marriage and fellowship -- Singular solutions -- The breakthrough years -- When black holes explode -- The foothills of fame -- Back to the beginning -- Science celebrity -- When the universe has babies -- A brief history of time -- The end of physics? -- Fame and fortune -- A brief history of time travel -- Stephen Hawking : superstar -- God and the multiverse -- The topsy-turvy universe of a global icon.