Smith, Gary, 1945- author.

New York, NY : The Overlook Press, 2016.

289 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

I: Overreaction. The law of small numbers -- II: Inherited traits. The father of regression ; Choose your parents carefully -- III: Education. Testing 1,2,3 ; The beatings will continue until morale improves ; Money for nothing ; Learning and unlearning -- IV: Games of chance. Hopes and excuses -- V: Sports. Champions choke ; Jinxes, slumps, and superstitions ; Being smart about it -- VI: Health: Take two aspirin ; The tin standard -- VII: Business. The triumph of mediocrity ; From bad to better and great to good ; Draft picks, CEOs, and soul mates -- VIII: Forecasting. A better crystal ball -- IX: Investing. $100 bills on the sidewalk -- X: Conclusion. Living with regression.

Explores the role of luck, specifically the concept of "regression to the mean," in everyday life, exploring how failures to understand chance and random variations influence choices and perceptions of truth.

Gleick, James, author.

©2016

336 pages : illustrations ; 20 cm

Machine -- Fin de siècle -- Philosophers and pulps -- Ancient lights -- By your bootstraps -- Arrow of time -- A river, a path, a maze -- Eternity -- Buried time -- Backward -- The paradoxes -- What is time? -- Our only boat -- Presently.

Gleick's story begins at the turn of the twentieth century with the young H. G. Wells writing and rewriting the fantastic tale that became his first book, an international sensation, The Time Machine. A host of forces were converging to transmute the human understanding of time, some philosophical and some technological--the electric telegraph, the steam railroad, the discovery of buried civilizations, and the perfection of clocks. Gleick tracks the evolution of time travel as an idea in the culture--from Marcel Proust to Doctor Who, from Woody Allen to Jorge Luis Borges. He explores the inevitable looping paradoxes and examines the porous boundary between pulp fiction and modern physics. Finally, he delves into a temporal shift that is unsettling our own moment: the instantaneous wired world, with its all-consuming present and vanishing future.

Muller, R. (Richard), author.

©2016

364 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm

Includes index.

Part I: Amazing time. The entangled enigma ; Einstein's childhood regression ; The leaping now ; Contradictions and paradoxes ; Lightspeed limit, lightspeed loophole ; Imaginary time ; To infinity and beyond -- Part II: Broken arrow. An arrow of confusion ; Demystifying entropy ; Mystifying entropy ; Time explained ; Our unlikely universe ; The universe erupts ; The end of time ; Throwing entropy under the bus ; Alternative arrows -- Par III: Spooky physics. A cat both dead and alive ; Tickling the quantum ghost ; Einstein is spooked ; Backward time travel observed -- Part IV: Physics and reality. Beyond physics ; Cogito ergo sum ; Free will -- Part V: Now. The 4D Big Bang ; The meaning of now.

"You are reading the word 'now' right now. But what does that mean? What makes the ephemeral moment 'now' so special? Its enigmatic character has bedeviled philosophers, priests, and modern-day physicists from Augustine to Einstein and beyond. Einstein showed that the flow of time is affected by both velocity and gravity, yet he despaired at his failure to explain the meaning of 'now.' Equally puzzling: Why does time flow? Some physicists have given up trying to understand, and call the flow of time an illusion, but the eminent experimental physicist Richard A. Muller protests. He says physics should explain reality, not deny it. In Now, Muller does more than poke holes in past ideas; he crafts his own revolutionary theory, one that makes testable predictions. "--Dust jacket.

Lee Shetterly, Margot, author.

©2016

xviii, 346 pages ; 24 cm

A door opens -- Mobilization -- Past is prologue -- The double V -- Manifest destiny -- War birds -- The duration -- Those who moved forward -- Breaking the barriers -- Home by the sea -- The area rule -- Serendipity -- Turbulence -- Angle of attack -- Young, gifted, and black -- What a difference a day makes -- Outer space -- With all deliberate speed -- Model behavior -- Degrees of freedom -- Out of the past, the future -- America is for everybody -- To boldly go.

Before John Glenn orbited the earth or Neil Armstrong walked on the moon, a group of dedicated female mathematicians known as "human computers" used pencils, slide rules and adding machines to calculate the numbers that would launch rockets, and astronauts, into space. Among these problem-solvers were a group of exceptionally talented African American women, some of the brightest minds of their generation. Originally relegated to teaching math in the South's segregated public schools, they were called into service during the labor shortages of World War II, when America's aeronautics industry was in dire need of anyone who had the right stuff. Suddenly, these overlooked math whizzes had a shot at jobs worthy of their skills, and they answered Uncle Sam's call, moving to Hampton, Virginia, and the fascinating, high-energy world of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. Even as Virginia's Jim Crow laws required them to be segregated from their white counterparts, the women of Langley's all-black "West Computing" group helped America achieve one of the things it desired most: a decisive victory over the Soviet Union in the Cold War, and complete domination of the heavens.

Gribbin, John, 1946- author.

New York : Pegasus Books, 2016.

xiii, 226 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 22 cm

In the beginning. Early life ; Breaking free ; Einstein and the Ploy ; Rejection ; Rescue -- The annus mirabilis. The doctoral thesis ; Jiggling atoms ; Particles of light ; The special one -- The long and winding word. The geometry of relativity ; Moving on ; In the shadow of a giant ; On the move ; First steps ; What Einstein should have known ; The masterwork -- Legacy. Black holes and timewarps ; Beyond reasonable doubt ; Making waves ; The universe at large -- The icon of science. Personal problems ; Fame ; A last quantum hurrah ; Exile ; Spooky action at a distance ; The final years.

"One of the world's most celebrated science writers reveals the origins of Einstein's General Theory--and provides a greater understanding of who Einstein was at the time of this pivotal achievement,"--NoveList.

Posamentier, Alfred S.

Amherst, New York : Prometheus Books, 2016.

349 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

The circle relationships in basic plane geometry-and an extension -- Curious relationships involving circles (special roles) -- Famous theorems about circles -- Circle packing problems -- Equicircles -- Circle constructions : the problem of Apollonius -- Inversion-circle symmetry -- Mascheroni constructions-using only a compass -- Circles in art and architecture -- Hypocycloids and Epicycloids -- Spherical geometry : circles on the sphere.

Long, Lynette.

Hauppauge, New York : Barrons Educational Series, Inc., [2016]

viii, 359 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.

3rd ed. (Hauppauge, N.Y. : Barron's Educational Series, Inc., c2011), has title: Barron's painless algebra.

A painless beginning -- The integers -- Solving equations with one variable -- Solving inequalities -- Graphing linear equations and inequalities -- Solving systems of equations and inequalities -- Exponents -- Roots and radicals -- Quadratic equations -- Advanced topics.

Teaches algebra by explaining integers, simple equations with one variable, inequalities, systems of equations, exponents, roots, radicals, and quadratic equations.

Kelley, W. Michael, author.

©2016

xiv, 338 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm

Includes index.

The roots of calculus -- Laying the foundation for calculus -- The derivative -- The integral -- Differential equations and more.

"Let's face it: the thought of Calculus I can be daunting. But it needn't be. in this helpful guide, the fundamentals of Calculus I are taught in easy-to-understand terms, with lots of explanatory graphs and illustrations and over 150 practice problems that feature simple, step-by-step solutions to really explain what you need to know,"--page [4] of cover.

Ryan, Mark, 1955- author.

©2016

xii, 391 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.

Includes index.

Getting started with geometry basics -- Introducing proofs -- Triangles: polygons of the three-sided variety -- Polygons of the four-or-more-sided variety -- Working with not-so-vicious circles -- Going deep with 3-D geometry -- Placement, points, and pictures: alternative geometry topics -- The part of tens.

Herneck, Friedrich, author.

©2016

204 pages, 16 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations ; 23 cm

Originally published in German: Einstein privat : Herta W. erinnert sich an die Jahre 1927 bis 1933 / Friedrich Herneck (Berlin : Der Morgen, c1978).

Introductory remarks -- Friedrich Herneck, historian of science in difficult times / by Dieter B. Herrmann -- Einstein's road to Berlin -- and beyond / by Josef Eisinger -- Einstein at home: Herta W. recalls the years 1927 to 1933 / by Friedrich Herneck

"These intimate, candid descriptions of the private life of Albert Einstein come from a series of interviews with Herta Waldow, a housekeeper who lived with Einstein and his wife and daughter from 1927 to 1933 at their residence in Berlin. After World War II, science historian Friedrich Herneck interviewed Ms. Waldow and published the conversations in the former East Germany. Unavailable in English till now, these five interviews offer fascinating glimpses into the great scientist's daily routines while he lived as a celebrated scientist in Weimar Germany."--Amazon.

Kanigel, Robert, author.

©1991

x, 438 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits, maps ; 22 cm

One. In The Temple's Coolness/1887 to 1903 -- 1. Dakshin Gange -- 2. Sarangapani Sannidhi Street -- 3. A Brahmin Boyhood -- 4. Off-scale -- 5. The Goddess of Namakkal -- Two. Ranging With Delight/1903 to 1908 -- 1. The Book of Carr -- 2. The Cambridge of South India -- 3. Flight -- 4. Another Try -- 5. The Notebooks -- 6. A Thought of God -- 7. Enough is Enough -- Three. The Search For Patrons/1908 to 1913 -- 1. Janaki -- 2. Door-to-Door -- 3. "Leisure" in Madras -- 4. Jacob Bernoulli and His Numbers -- 5. The Port Trust -- 6. The British Raj -- 7. The Letter -- Four. Hardy/G. H. Hardy to 1913 -- 1. Forever Young -- 2. Horseshoe Lane -- 3. Flint and Stone -- 4. A Fellow of Trinity -- 5. "The Magic Air" -- 6. The Hardy School -- Five. "I Beg To Introduce Myself..."/1913 to 1914 -- 1. The Letter -- 2. "I Have Found in You a Friend ..." -- 3. "Does Ramanujan Know Polish?" -- 4. A Dream at Namakkal -- 5. At the Dock -- Six. Ramanujan's Spring/1914 to 1916 -- 1. Out of India -- 2. Together -- 3. The flames of Louvain -- 4. The zeroes of the zeta function -- 5. S. Ramanujan, B.A. -- Seven. The English Chill/1916 to 1918 -- 1. High table -- 2. An Indian in England -- 3. "A singularly happy collaboration" -- 4. Deepening the hole -- 5. "All us big steamers" -- 6. The Danish phenomenon -- 7. Trouble back home -- 8. The Nelson monument -- 9. Ramanujan, mathematics, and God -- 10. Singularities at X = 1 -- 11. Slipped from memory -- Eight. "In Somewhat Indifferent Health"/from 1918 -- 1. "All the world seemed young again" -- 2. Return to the cauvery -- 3. The final problem -- 4. A son of India -- 5. Ramanujan reborn -- 6. Better blast furnaces? -- 7. Svayambhu.

A biography of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. The book gives a detailed account of his upbringing in India, his mathematical achievements, and his mathematical collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy. The book also reviews the life of Hardy and the academic culture of Cambridge University during the early twentieth century.

Amdahl, Kenn.

Broomfield, Colo. : Clearwater Pub., 1995.

258 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Introductory stuff -- The game -- Numbers with interesting properties -- Fraction refresher -- Terms, factors, and polynomials -- Rearranging expressions -- Handy tricks and magic words -- Solving equations -- Graphing -- Sometimes there's more than one answer -- Functions and formulas -- Systems of equations -- Looking forward.

"Explains the basic concepts, vocabulary and strategies of algebra. No exercises, just clear writing, humor and information."--Page 4 of cover.

O'Shea, Owen, 1956-

Amherst, New York : Prometheus Books, 2016.

330 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm

Some words on the Lo Shu and other magic squares -- The call of the primes -- Some words on Pythagorean triples -- The Monty Hall problem and other deceptive puzzles in probability theory -- The Fibonacci sequence -- The Lucas sequence -- The irrational number Phi -- The square root of -1 -- The square root of -2 -- The square numbers -- The triangular numbers -- The transcendental number known as π -- The transcendental number ℯ -- Pascal's triangle -- Some strange and remarkable coincidences -- Beautiful mathematical equations.

This sampler of entertaining mathematical diversions reveals the elegance and extraordinary usefulness of mathematics for readers who think they have no aptitude for the subject. If you like any kind of game at all, you’ll enjoy the amazing mathematical puzzles and patterns presented here in straightforward terms that any layperson can understand. From magic squares and the mysterious qualities of prime numbers to Pythagorean triples, probability theory, the Fibonacci sequence, and more, the author shows that math can be fun while having some profound implications.

Levin, Janna, author.

©2016

241 pages ; 22 cm

When black holes collide -- High fidelity -- Natural resources -- Culture shock -- Joe Weber -- Prototypes -- The Troika -- The climb -- Weber and Trimble -- LHO -- Skunkworks -- Gambling -- Rashomon -- LLO -- Little cave on Figueroa -- The race is on.

"In 1916, Einstein became the first to predict the existence of gravitational waves: sounds without a material medium generated by the unfathomably energy-producing collision of black holes. Now, Janna Levin, herself an astrophysicist, recounts the story of the search, over the last fifty years, for these elusive waves--a quest that has culminated in the creation of the most expensive project ever funded by the National Science Foundation ($1 billion-plus). She makes clear the how the waves are created in the cosmic collision of black holes, and why the waves can never be detected by telescope. And, most revealingly, she delves into the lives and fates of the four scientists currently engaged in--and obsessed with--discerning this soundtrack of the universe's history. Levin's account of the surprises, disappointments, achievements, and risks of this unfolding story provides us with a uniquely compelling and intimate portrait of the people and processes of modern science"-- Provided by publisher.

Mazur, Joseph.

New York : Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, [2016]

viii, 273 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm

Introduction -- The stories -- Exceptional moments -- The girl from Petrovka and other benign coincidences -- Meaningful coincidences -- The mathematics -- What are the chances? -- Bernoulli's gift -- Long strings of heads -- Pascal's triangle -- The problem with monkeys -- The analysis -- Enormity of the world -- The stories of chapter 2 revisited -- The head-scratchers -- Evidence -- Discovery -- Risk -- Psychic power -- Sir Gawain and the Green Knight -- Epilogue.

Looks at coincidences and unlikely occurrences, delving into the mathematical concepts of probability and sharing stories of striking flukes and coincidences from around the world.