New Arrivals · Earth Sciences

October 17, 2017
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Aerial geology : a high-altitude tour of North America's spectacular volcanoes, canyons, glaciers, lakes, craters, and peaks

October 16, 2017
Morton, Mary Caperton, author.
©2017
303 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 28 cm

Geoengineering Earth's climate : resetting the thermostat

October 16, 2017
Swanson, Jennifer, author.
Minneapolis : Twenty-First Century Books, [2018]
96 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
An abrupt change in climate -- Time to get serious -- Capturing carbon -- Rock and roll -- Carbon in the water -- Shading the planet -- Geoengineering our future.
How can we combat climate warming? Some scientists say geoengineeringinterfering with Earth's systems to counteract climate changeis the answer. Explore ideas such as reforestation, space mirrors, and carbon capture, and learn about the pros and cons of these controversial technologies.

Tides : the science and spirit of the ocean

September 14, 2017
White, Jonathan, 1956- author.
San Antonio, Texas : Trinity University Press, [2017]
xvi, 335 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 24 cm
Foreword / by Peter Matthiessen -- In deep : an introduction -- The perfect dance : birds and big tides in the Bay of Fundy -- Star of our life : a meditation on tide history at Mont Saint-Michel -- Silver dragon : China's Qiantang River tidal bore -- The last magician : Sir Isaac Newton and the scientific revolution -- Big waves : surfing mavericks and nineteenth-century tide theories -- Fast water : how tidal currents slow the Earth and bend time -- Big tides and resonance : Fundy and Ungava -- Turning the tide : grinding wheat, powering homes -- Higher tides : sea level rise from Kuna Yala to Venice.
"Combines lyrical prose, colorful adventure travel, and provocative scientific inquiry into tides--that elemental, mysterious paradox that keeps our planet's waters in constant motion. Photographs, scientific figures, line drawings, and color photos dramatically illustrate this engaging, expert tour of the tides."-- Provided by publisher.

Koh-in-noor : the history of the world's most infamous diamond

September 12, 2017
Dalrymple, William, author.
©2017017
vi, 335 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), map ; 23 cm.
"The Koh-i-noor is the world's most famous diamond, but it has always had a fog of mystery around it. Now, using previously untranslated Sanskrit, Persian and Urdu sources, and the discoveries of modern gemmologists to reconstruct its original form, William Dalrymple and Anita Ananad blow away the legends to reveal its true history--stranger, and more violent, than any fiction."--From dust jacket.

Quakeland : on the road to America's next devastating earthquake

August 28, 2017
Miles, Kathryn, 1974-
New York, New York : Dutton, [2017]
viii, 357 pages ; 24 cm
Land made for you and me. Their campsite, our core ; A beautiful place for an earthquake ; Coffee in Salt Lake ; Our floating world ; Cold storage -- A wealth of water and rock. Dam busting with Sensurround G-forces! ; The Big Muddy ; Thank God for FedEx ; The Lucky Friday mine ; Digging back East ; Our ingenious wells ; The earthquake fighters of Oklahoma ; Tank farms on the prairie ; Cool stuff to store in mines -- The voice of rage and ruin. Blocks and blocks ; Gimme shelter ; The school ; Predicting the unpredictable ; Is the sky falling? ; Your two-minute warning.
Earthquakes. You need to worry about them only if you're in San Francisco, right? Wrong. We have been making enormous changes to subterranean America, and Mother Earth, as always, has been making some of her own. . . . The consequences for our real estate, our civil engineering, and our communities will be huge because they will include earthquakes most of us do not expect and cannot imagine - at least not without reading Quakeland. Kathryn Miles descends into mines in the Northwest, visits the South to see what the Army Corps of Engineers in Memphis is learning about the next major US quake, uncovers the horrific risks of an earthquake in the Northeast, and interviews the people around the country who are addressing this ground shaking threat.

Meteorology : cool women who weather storms

August 24, 2017
Gibson, Karen Bush, author.
North Mankato, Minnesota: Nomad Press, [2017]
106 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm.
What is meteorology? -- A history of meteorology -- Kelly Cass -- Bianca Hernadez -- Pamela Heinselman.

The great quake : how the biggest earthquake in North America changed our understanding of the planet

August 8, 2017
Fountain, Henry, author.
©2017
vii, 277 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Altered state -- Under the mountain -- An accident of geography -- Clam broth and beer -- The floating world -- Spiking out -- Before the storm -- Faults -- Shaken -- Stunned -- The barnacle line -- Rebuilding -- Deep thinking -- Acceptance -- Epilogue.
"In the tradition of Erik Larson's Isaac's Storm, a riveting narrative about the biggest earthquake in recorded history in North America--the 1964 Alaskan earthquake that demolished the city of Valdez and obliterated the coastal village of Chenega--and the scientist sent to look for geological clues to explain the dynamics of earthquakes, who helped to confirm the then controversial theory of plate tectonics. On March 27, 1964, at 5:36 p.m., the biggest earthquake ever recorded in North America--and the second biggest ever in the world, measuring 9.2 on the Richter scale--struck Alaska, devastating coastal towns and villages and killing more than 130 people in what was then a relatively sparsely populated region. In a riveting tale about the almost unimaginable brute force of nature, New York Times science journalist Henry Fountain, in his first trade book, re-creates the lives of the villagers and townspeople living in Chenega, Anchorage, and Valdez; describes the sheer beauty of the geology of the region, with its towering peaks and 20-mile-long glaciers; and reveals the impact of the quake on the towns, the buildings, and the lives of the inhabitants. George Plafker, a geologist for the U.S. Geological Survey with years of experience scouring the Alaskan wilderness, is asked to investigate the Prince William Sound region in the aftermath of the quake, to better understand its origins. His work confirmed the then controversial theory of plate tectonics that explained how and why such deadly quakes occur, and how we can plan for the next one"-- Provided by publisher.

My little book of rocks, minerals, and gems

July 20, 2017
Martin, Claudia, author.
©2017
64 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Includes index.
Our rocky planet -- Igneous rocks -- Metamorphic rocks -- Sedimentary rocks -- Minerals -- Gems -- Glossary.
"For those with curious minds starting to take note of the world around them, the basic materials from which our planet is made raise a multitude of questions. What are rocks and minerals? Why are there so many different kinds? From the way that rocks are formed to identifying gem stones, [this book] provides the answers for budding geologists, using clear, concise text along with full color illustrations and photographs."--Amazon.com.

Caesar's last breath : decoding the secrets of the air around us

July 17, 2017
Kean, Sam, author.
New York : Little, Brown and Company, 2017.
viii, 373 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Introduction: The last breath -- Making air: our first four atmospheres -- Earth's early air -- The exploding lake -- The devil in the air -- Welding a dangerous weapon -- The curse and blessing of oxygen -- Hotter than the Dickens -- Harnessing air: the human relationship with air -- The wonder-working gas of delight -- Le Pétomane -- Controlled chaos -- Steeling yourself for tragedy -- Into the blue -- Night lights -- Frontiers: the new heavens -- The fallout of fallout -- Albert Einstein and the people's fridge -- Weather wars -- Rumbles from Roswell -- Putting on alien airs.
A round-the-globe journey through the periodic table explains how the air people breathe reflects the world's history, tracing the origins and ingredients of the atmosphere to explain air's role in reshaping continents, steering human progress, and powering revolutions.

Darwin's first theory : exploring Darwin's quest for a theory of earth

April 11, 2017
Wesson, R. L. (Robert L.), author.
New York : Pegasus Books, 2017.
xxi, 457 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Map on end papers.
A peculiar obsession -- Darwin in the field. The lieutenant and the beetle collector ; Field trip with a master : the state of geology ; Setting out : the adventures begin ; The first years of the voyage ; Patagonia : the great workshop of nature ; Maria Graham and the debate on the causes of elevation ; Darwin's earthquake ; The Andes rising ; Coral reefs and the sinking bottom of the sea -- Darwin theorizing. Faith comforts, facts persuade ; The theory comes together ; Extending the theory : the parallel roads of Glen Roy -- Back on Darwin's trail. From uplift to evolution ; From natural selection to plate tectonics ; In the Beagle's wake ; The Chilean earthquake of 2010 ; Now you see them, now you don't ; Reflections : what does it all mean?
"Everybody knows-- or thinks they know-- Charles Darwin, the father of evolution and the man who altered the way we view our place in the world. But what most people do not know is that Darwin was on board the HMS Beagle as a geologist-- not on a mission to examine the land, not flora and fauna. Retracing Darwin's footsteps in South America and beyond, geologist Rob Wesson treks across the Andes, cruises waters charted by the Beagle, hunts for fossils in Uruguay and Argentina, and explores sites of long vanished glaciers in Scotland and Wales. As he follows Darwin's path-- literally and intellectually-- Wesson experiences the land as Darwin did, engages with his observations, and tackles the same questions Darwin had about our ever-changing Earth. Upon his return from his five-year journey aboard the Beagle, after examining the effects of earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and more, Darwin conceived his theory of subsidence and uplift-- his first theory. These concepts and attitudes-- the vastness of time; the enormous cumulative impact of almost imperceptibly slow change; change as a constant feature of the environment-- underlie Darwin's subsequent discoveries in evolution. And this peculiar way of thinking remains vitally important today as we enter the human-dominated Anthropocene age" --Inside jacket.

Climate change : examining the facts

April 6, 2017
Bedford, Daniel, author.
©2016
xvi, 214 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
The evidence regarding climate change -- The causes of climate change -- The likely impacts of climate change -- Scientific consensus on climate change -- Responding to climate change.
"The authors of this work examine 35 specific claims that have been made about global climate change by believers and skeptics. These assertions, some true, some false, will guide readers to a much deeper understanding of the extent of climate change; whether any climate change that is taking place is human-caused; whether climate change is likely to be a serious problem in the future; whether scientists agree on the fundamentals of climate change; and whether climate change impacts can be mitigated. Examples of specific issues that are scrutinized and explained in the book include: trends in the extent and condition of Arctic and Antarctic Sea ice packs, the accuracy of climate forecasting models, whether extreme weather events are increasing as a result of climate change, and the benefits and drawbacks of various schemes to limit greenhouse gas emissions"--Publishers website.

Gem : the definitive visual guide

March 13, 2017
New York, New York : DK Publishing, 2016.
440 pages : color illustrations ; 31 cm
Includes index.
Introduction -- Native elements -- Gemstones -- Organic gems -- Rock gems and rocks.
Whether you're interested in fine jewelry or mineralogy, this book provides in-depth information about all the major gem types. The text reveals the riches of the Earth from raw minerals to jewelry pieces. It also explains the science, history, and mythology that surround the gems.

National Geographic pocket guide to the weather of North America

March 8, 2017
Williams, Jack, 1936- author.
©2017
178 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 19 cm
What makes weather? -- Clouds -- Precipitation -- Storms -- Pressure, winds & currents -- Obstructions to visibility -- Optical phenomena -- Weather hazards -- Forecasting & measurements.
"This easy-to-use field guide provides the resources to understand the meteorological events that affect us every day. With illustrations and graphics for every topic, this is the go-to book for answers about weather reports and conditions on our increasingly turbulent planet"--Back cover.

Under water ; Under earth

December 5, 2016
Mizielińska, Aleksandra, author.
London : Big Picture Press, 2016.
45, 61 pages : color illustrations ; 38 cm
Titles from separate title pages.
“Contents printed back-to-back and inverted (tête-bêche format).”
Under water -- Under earth.
Hundreds of fascinating facts are waiting to be unearthed in this book from Aleksandra and Daniel Mizielinski, the creative duo behind 'Maps'. Dive below the surface, and find out what happens under the earth and under the water. From early submarines and deep-sea life, to burrowing animals and man-made tunnels - you will never look at the world in the same way again!

A most improbable journey : a big history of our planet and ourselves

December 1, 2016
Alvarez, Walter, 1940- author.
©2017
246 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Prologue -- Big history, the Earth, and the human situation -- [1] Cosmos -- From the Big Bang to Planet Earth -- [2] Earth -- Gifts from the Earth -- A planet with continents and oceans -- A tale of two mountain ranges -- Remembering ancient rivers -- [3] Life -- Your personal record of life history -- [3] Humanity -- The great journey -- Being human -- Epilogue -- What was the chance of all this happening? -- Appendix 1: Further resources -- Appendix 2: Figure sources.
"Famed geologist Walter Alvarez expands our view of human history by revealing the cosmic, geologic, and evolutionary forces that have shaped us. Big History, the field that studies the entire known past of our universe to give context to human existence, has so far been the domain of historians. In The Little Book of Big History, geologist Walter Alvarez--best known for his 'Impact Theory' explaining dinosaur extinction--makes a compelling case for a new, science-first approach to Big History. He brings a scientist's view to the human story, from the creation of our universe and our planet, the rise of life, the movement of our continents and its effect on human migration, to humanity's ascendance due to our mastery of Earth's natural resources. Alvarez's illuminating observations and stories will give readers a new appreciation of the events, from the Big Bang to the Bronze Age and beyond, that have led to the human situation. Through entertaining, bite-sized chapters, The Little Book of Big History will send readers out in a thousand different directions to learn more"--Provided by publisher.

Guide to the geology along interstate 70 between Ohio-Indiana boundary and Columbus

November 28, 2016
Hull, Dennis N. (Dennis Nelson), 1948-
[Columbus] : Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, [1993]
1 folded sheet (10 pages) : color illustrations, color maps ; 23 x 10 cm.
"Publication date: 5/93"--Page [10].

The tide : the science and stories behind the greatest force on Earth

October 5, 2016
Aldersey-Williams, Hugh, author.
©2016
368 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
"First published in Great Britain under the title 'Tide: the science and lore of the greatest force on Earth'"--Title-page verso.
To view the lazy tide -- Beyond the micromareal -- Shores of ignorance -- No path through water -- Terra infirma -- Thames mud -- Tides of commerce -- A place of resonance -- In great waters -- Nature's free ride -- Into the maelstrom -- Signal and noise -- Diluvion.
"In The Tide, celebrated science writer Hugh Aldersey-Williams weaves together centuries of scientific thinking with the literature and folklore the tide has inspired to explain the power and workings of this most remarkable force."--Provided by publisher.

The atmosphere

September 26, 2016
Schaefer, Vincent J.
Norwalk, Conn : Easton Press, ©1985.
xx, 359 pages, 16 pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm.
Sponsored by the National Audubon Society and the National Wildlife Federation.
Previously published as: A field guide to the atmosphere.

Rocks and minerals

September 26, 2016
Pough, Frederick H.
Norwalk, Conn. : Easton, ©1985.
xix, 317 pages, [92] pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 19 cm.
First ed. published as: A field guide to rocks and minerals. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1953.

How to read water : clues and patterns from puddles to the sea : learn to gauge depth, navigate, forecast weather and make other predictions with water

September 13, 2016
Gooley, Tristan, author.
©2016
393 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 20 cm
"Originally published in the UK by Sceptre in 2016." -- Copyright page.
Strange beginnings: an introduction -- Launching -- How to see the Pacific in a pond -- Land ripples -- The not so humble puddle -- Rivers and streams -- The rise -- The lake -- The colour of water -- Light and water -- The sound of water -- Reading waves -- The Omani delight: an interlude -- The coast -- The beach -- Currents and tides -- Water at night -- Shipwatching -- Rare and extraordinary -- Uncharted water: an epilogue.
"In his eye-opening books The Lost Art of Reading Nature's Signs and The Natural Navigator, Tristan Gooley helped readers reconnect with nature by finding direction from the trees, stars, clouds, and more. Now, he turns his attention to our most abundant--yet perhaps least understood--resource. Distilled from his far-flung adventures--sailing solo across the Atlantic, navigating with Omani tribespeople, canoeing in Borneo, and walking in his own backyard--Gooley shares hundreds of techniques in How to Read Water,"--Amazon.com.

Landslides and your property

August 22, 2016
[Indianapolis] : Indiana Geological Survey, [2013]
1 sheet (both sides) : chiefly color illustrations, maps ; 41 x 71 cm, folded to 21 x 10 cm
Panel title.
"Joint project of University of Cincinnati and geological surveys of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana"--Kentucky Geological Survey website.
"The geologic makeup of the area around Cincinnati, Ohio, including southeastern Indiana and northern Kentucky, makes it particularly prone to landslides. This brochure provides guidance on how to look for landslide evidence on a property and how to remediate the problem if necessary. Cracks or depressions in the soil and tilted trees or utility poles may be signs that the soil is unstable. Consulting geologic and soil maps of the area can also provide hints that development might be risky. Steps to take to reduce landslide risks are also included."--Indiana Geological Survey website.

Spies in the Congo : America's atomic mission in World War II

August 10, 2016
Williams, Susan, author.
©2016
xxiv, 369 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Introduction: The Manhattan Project and Shinkolobwe -- TETON -- CRISP -- CRUMB -- Chief of Station, Congo -- "Attention! Bloc radioactif!" -- ANGELLA -- "Born secret" -- The mission -- The British opposites -- FLARE -- The cutout -- LOCUST -- "Hotbed of spies" -- Framed -- Collaborating with the Nazis -- A dead shot -- Stehli the detective -- "One minute to midnight" -- Hiroshima -- Atomic spies -- Conclusion: the missing link.

Colored gemstones : the Antoinette Matlins buying guide how to select, buy, care for & enjoy sapphires, emeralds, rubies and other colored gems with confidence and knowledge

August 1, 2016
Matlins, Antoinette Leonard author.
Woodstock, VT : GemStone Press, 2016.
xxi, 242 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

And soon I heard a roaring wind : a natural history of moving air

July 22, 2016
Streever, Bill, author.
New York : Little, Brown and Company, 2016.
308 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
The voyage -- The forecast -- Theorists -- Initial conditions -- The numbers -- The model -- The computation -- Chaos -- The ensemble -- Afloat in the candle's light.
The gnashing teeth of an oncoming storm. Wind-launched missiles and wind-tossed airplanes. Sand dunes and the Dust Bowl, shipwrecks and wind-riding spiders, weather forecasting, wind power, windmills, and wars; on page after page of his brisk and fascinating book, Bill Streever reveals wind's real nature--and its history-shaping force. Seeking a deep immersion in his subject, Streever will go to any extreme. So, after a three-day course, this novice sailor set out on a vintage fifty-year-old sailboat named after Don Quixote's horse, and sailed east from Texas to Guatemala over 43 days and 1000 miles. How better to explore and experience the winds that built empires, the storms that wrecked them, and the surprising history and science of moving air? From history's great violent storms to the impacts of weather on life and business, from wind's energy to its power to give and destroy life, this is a thrilling read.--Adapted from dust jacket.

The oracle of oil : a maverick geologist's quest for a sustainable future

June 17, 2016
Inman, Mason, author.
New York : W.W. Norton & Company, [2016]
xv, 413 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Describes the life and career of the geophysicist and Shell Oil researcher who shocked the scientific community with his brilliance but also with his controversial predictions about the peak and steady decline of American oil production.

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