New Arrivals · Earth Sciences

July 12, 2014
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Secrets underground : North America's buried past

July 11, 2014
MacLeod, Elizabeth, author.
Toronto, Ontario : Annick Press, [2014]
88 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 25 cm
In Secrets Underground, history buff Elizabeth MacLeod introduces readers to a fascinating world. Learn about the Civil War secrets carefully concealed in Organ Cave, West Virginia, the top-secret equipment that lies deep below Grand Central Terminal in New York City, the network of tunnels in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, that once hid victims of persecution, and much more. MacLeod explains how these lost and hidden subterranean passages, spaces, and caves answer decades-old puzzles, help us understand our own past, and lead us to discover what life was really like in eras gone by.

Probable maximum and TVA precipitation for Tennessee River Basins up to 3,000 square miles in area and durations to 72 hours

July 1, 2014
Schwarz, Francis K.
Washington, D.C. : U. S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, 1969.
vii, 166 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm.
Prepared by the Hydrometeorological Branch, Office of Hydrology, U.S. Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C. for the Office of the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers.
"May 1969."
Introduction -- Summer PMP and TVA precipitation for small basins -- Generalized procedure for 100- to 3000-square mile basin estimates -- Specific basin estimates for PMP and TVA precipitation -- Appendix. Attachment A. TVA storm studies request -- References.
Generalized estimates of precipitation are necessary for consistent spillway design for projects within any given region. The Tennessee Valley Authority is giving increased emphasis to this approach. Toward this end the present report provides generalized estimates of 1- to 72-hr. precipitation extremes for basins ranging in size from a few square miles to about 3000 miles. Antecedent rainfall criteria are provided also for use as indices to soil moisture conditions and existing streamflows at the beginning of critical rainfalls. The detailed probable maximum precipitation estimates of this report supersede within the Tennessee River watershed previous generalized estimates published in Hydrometeorological Report No. 33.

Probable maximum and TVA precipitation over the Tennessee River Basin above Chattanooga

July 1, 2014
Schwarz, Francis K.
Washington, D.C. : U. S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, 1965.
x, 148 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm.
Prepared by the Hydrometeorological Branch, Office of Hydrology, U.S. Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C. for the Tennessee Valley Authority (Contract TV-29342A).
"June 1965."
Introduction -- The problem of estimating extreme precipitation - an appraisal -- Meteorology of major storms -- Basin topography - its effect on distribution and volume of rainfall -- Derivation of probable maximum and TVA precipitation -- Antecedent and subsequent conditions -- Application of presented criteria -- References -- Appendix A. Attachment A, Chatanooga storm studies -- Appendix B. Selected weather maps.
The maximum flood potential at Chattanooga, Tenn. can be evaluated using extreme upstream rainfall. This report provides estimates of extreme rainfall for the total 21,400-sq. mil. Tennessee River drainage above Chattanooga and for a 7980-sq. mil. sub-basin. These basins are outlined in figures 1-1 and 1-2.

Probable maximum precipitation, Susquehanna River drainage above Harrisburg, Pa.

July 1, 2014
Goodyear, Hugo V.
Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, 1965.
v, 70 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm.
Prepared by Hydrometeorological Branch, Office of Hydrology, U.S. Weather Bureau.
"June 1965."
Introduction -- Organization and development of derived criteria -- Derivation of PMP for Susquehanna Basin -- Meterology of major storms -- Topographical variation of precipitation within basin -- Time and areal distributions of PMP within basin -- Summary of procedures for obtaining probable maximum storm rainfall for a basin -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Tables -- Figures.

User's guide to the Federal Insurance Administration's 1978-1979 flood claims file for computation of depth-damage relationships

July 1, 2014
Davis, Stuart A.
Ft. Belvoir, Va. : Institute for Water Resources, [1981]
47, 7 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
"December 1981."

Meteorology of flood-producing storms in the Ohio River basin

July 1, 2014
Schwarz, Francis K.
Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Weather Bureau, 1961.
v, 67 p. : maps ; 26 cm.
At head of title: U.S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers.
"May 1961."
Meteorology of excessive rains in the Ohio Valley -- Ohio River hypothetical flood sequences -- Data sheets.

Climate changed : a personal journey through the science

June 26, 2014
Squarzoni, Philippe.
New York : Abrams ComicArts, 2014.
435 pages : chiefly illustrations ; 24 cm
Originally published in French in 2012 under the title: Saison Brune.
What are the causes and consequences of climate change? When the scale is so big, can an individual make any difference? Documentary, diary, and masterwork graphic novel, this look at our planet and how we live on it explains what global warming is all about. With the most complicated concepts made clear by the author, an investigative journalist and artist, weaves together scientific research, extensive interviews with experts, and a call for action. Weighing the potential of some solutions and the false promises of others, this work provides a realistic, balanced view of the magnitude of the crisis that "An Inconvenient Truth" only touched on.

The asteroid threat : defending our planet from deadly near-Earth objects

June 23, 2014
Burrows, William E., 1937- author.
Amherst, New York : Prometheus Books, [2014]
282 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 23 cm
Chelyabinsk: Russian roulette -- Chicken Little was right -- Know thine enemy -- The fascination factor -- The other Salvation Army -- The Department of Planetary Defense -- The ultimate Strategic Defense Initiative -- The survival imperative.
"Presents a realistic, workable plan for defusing a potentially lethal threat from a rogue asteroid or comet. The explosion of a large meteor over Chelyabinsk, Siberia, in February 2013 is just the latest reminder that planet Earth is vulnerable to damaging and potentially catastrophic collisions with space debris of various kinds. In this informative and forward-looking book, veteran aerospace writer William E. Burrows explains what we can do in the future to avoid far more serious impacts from "Near-Earth Objects" (NEOs), as they are called in the planetary defense community. The good news is that humanity is now equipped with the advanced technology necessary to devise a long-term strategy to protect the planet. Burrows outlines the following key features of an effective planetary defense strategy: * A powerful space surveillance system capable of spotting a serious threat from space at least a year in advance * A space craft "nudge" that would throw a collision-course asteroid off target long before it poses the threat of imminent impact * A weapons system to be used as a last-ditch method to blast an NEO should all else fail. The author notes the many benefits for world stability and increasing international cooperation resulting from a united worldwide effort to protect the planet. Combining realism with an optimistic can-do attitude, Burrows shows that humanity is capable of overcoming a potentially calamitous situation"-- Provided by publisher.

Wild weather

June 20, 2014
Callery, Sean.
New York : Scholastic, c2014.
32 p. : col. ill. ; 22 x 26 cm.
"Based on The Magic School Bus series"--T.p. verso.
"A nonfiction companion to the original Magic School Bus series"--Cover.

Planet Earth

June 20, 2014
Jackson, Tom, 1972-
New York : Scholastic, c2014.
32 p. : col. ill. ; 22 x 26 cm.
"Based on The Magic School Bus series"--T.p. verso.
"A nonfiction companion to the original Magic School Bus series"--Cover.

101 American geo-sites you've gotta see

April 17, 2014
Dickas, Albert B.
Missoula, MT : Mountain Press Pub. Company, c2012.
xi, 250 p. : col. ill., col. maps ; 23 cm.

Ohio's geology in core and outcrop : a field guide for citizens and environmental and geotechnical investigators

April 4, 2014
Schumacher, Gregory A.
Columbus : State of Ohio, Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, 2013.
vii, 191 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps ; 28 cm.

Can glacier and ice melt be reversed?

March 31, 2014
Detroit, MI : Greenhaven Press, [2014]
114 pages ; 23 cm.
The melting of glaciers cannot be reversed / Tim Appenzeller -- Glaciers are growing, not melting / Robert Felix -- Third-World stove soot is target in climate fight / Elisabeth Rosenthal -- The melting of Arctic ice cannot be reversed / Fen Montaigne -- The media exaggerates the extent of ice melt in the Arctic / Ben Pile -- Ice sheets are melting at an increasing rate / Irene Quaile -- The melting of glaciers cannot be reversed with global warming / Bharat Raj Singh and Onkar Singh -- Ice sheets are not collapsing / Cliff Ollier -- Antarctica is melting / Erik Conway -- Antarctica is not melting / Marc Sheppard -- Global warming : impact of receding snow and ice surprises scientists / Pete Spotts -- Permafrost is melting / Ben Cubby -- Permafrost warming is widely misunderstood / Guido Grosse et al.

Exotic gems

March 3, 2014
Newman, Renée, 1948-
Los Angeles : International Jewelry Publications, 2010-
v. <3> : ill. ; 23 cm.
Library only has volume 3.
v. 1. How to identify and buy tanzanite, ammolite, rhodochrosite, zultanite, sunstone, moonstone and other feldspars -- v. 2. How to identify and buy alexandrite, andalusite, chrysoberyl cat's eye, kyanite, common opal, fire opal, dinasaur gembone, tsavorite, rhodolite & other garnets -- v. 3. How to identify, evaluate, select and care for matrix opal, fire agate, blue chalcedony, rubellite, indicolite, paraiba and other tourmalines

Earthquake storms : the fascinating history and volatile future of the San Andreas Fault

February 21, 2014
Dvorak, John (John J.), author.
New York : Pegasus Books, 2014.
xviii, 254 pages. 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Includes index.
The San Andreas Fault is everywhere, and primed for a colossal quake. For decades, scientists have warned that such a sudden shifting of the Earth's crust is inevitable. In fact, it is a geologic necessity. The San Andreas fault runs almost the entire length of California, from the redwood forest to the east edge of the Salton Sea. Along the way, it passes through two of the largest urban areas of the country--San Francisco and Los Angeles. Dozens of major highways and interstates cross it. Scores of housing developments have been planted over it. The words "San Andreas" are so familiar today that they have become synonymous with earthquake. Yet, few people understand the San Andreas or the network of subsidiary faults it has spawned. Some run through Hollywood, others through Beverly Hills and Santa Monica. The Hayward fault slices the football stadium at the University of California in half. Even among scientists, few appreciate that the San Andreas fault is a transient, evolving system that, as seen today, is younger than the Grand Canyon and key to our understanding of earthquakes worldwide.

Earthmasters : the dawn of the age of climate engineering

February 10, 2014
Hamilton, Clive.
New Haven : Yale University Press, [2013]
xii, 247 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Why geoengineering? -- Sucking carbon -- Regulating sunlight -- The players and the public -- Promethean dreams -- Atmospheric geopolitics -- Ethical anxieties -- This goodly frame.
"This book goes to the heart of the unfolding reality of the twenty-first century: international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have failed and before the end of the century Earth is now projected to be warmer than it has been for 15 million years. The question, 'can the crisis be avoided?' has been superseded by a more chilling one, 'what can be done to prevent the devastation of the living world?' And the disturbing answer, now under the wide discussion both within and outside the scientific community, is to seize control of the climate of Earth itself. Clive Hamilton begins by exploring the range of technologies now being developed in the field of geoengineering - the intentional, enduring, large-scale manipulation of Earth's climate system. He lays out the arguments for and against climate engineering, and reveals the extent of vested interests linking researchers, venture capitalists and corporations. He examines what it means for human beings to be making plans to control the planet's atmosphere, probes the uneasiness we feel with the notion of exercising technological mastery over nature, and challenges the ways we think about ourselves and our place in the natural world."--Book jacket.

Oxygen : a four billion year history

January 27, 2014
Canfield, Donald E.
Princeton : Princeton University Press, [2014]
xv, 196 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm.
What is it about planet Earth? -- Life before oxygen -- Evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis -- Cyanobacteria: the great liberators -- What controls atmospheric oxygen concentrations? -- The early history of atmospheric oxygen: biological evidence -- The early history of atmospheric oxygen: geological evidence -- The great oxidation -- Earth's Middle Ages: what came after the GOE -- Neoproterozoic oxygen and the rise of animals -- Phanerozoic oxygen -- Epilogue.
"The air we breathe is twenty-one percent oxygen, an amount higher than on any other known world. While we may take our air for granted, Earth was not always an oxygenated planet. How did it become this way? Oxygen is the most current account of the history of atmospheric oxygen on Earth"-- Provided by publisher.

The essential guide to crystals, minerals and stones

January 14, 2014
Lembo, Margaret Ann, 1957-
Woodbury, Minnesota : Llewellyn Worldwide, [2013]
xv, 440 pages : color illustrations ; 23 cm

Full fathom five : ocean warming and a father's legacy

October 31, 2013
Chaplin, Gordon.
New York : Arcade Publishing, 2013.
xiv, 248 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
An unexpected turn -- The call -- Under the radar -- Welcome home -- A charming couple -- Mummy -- Daddy -- Hog Island -- Buying in -- What does home mean? -- The aquarium -- Totems -- In my element -- Eel Bay -- The cutting edge -- Green Cay -- Andros -- Entre' acte -- Paradise Island -- Totems revisited -- Totems revisited -- Hope springs eternal -- Beneath Atlantis -- Death of a scientist -- Ashes -- Collecting -- Our faith -- The boat that wouldn't float -- A woman's point of view -- Miggy -- The saddle squirrelfish -- The Chaplin Project -- Fish out of water -- Dr. Ilves -- The study finally -- The debt -- Hope springs eternal -- Full fathom five -- Rest in peace -- The last word -- Reprise -- Dramatis personae -- Chaplin family portrait -- Papillose blenny -- Fairy basslet -- Cherubfish -- Yellowhead jawfish -- Blackcap basslet -- Greenband goby.

The melting world : a journey across America's vanishing glaciers

October 8, 2013
White, Christopher P., 1956-
New York, N.Y. : St. Martin's Press, [2013]
272 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Year one : Into the cirque -- Years two & three : Through the looking glass -- Year four, week one : The falcon and the falconer -- Year four, week two : The cascade effect -- Year four, week three : Fire and ice -- Year four, week four : Things fall apart -- Year four, week five : A thousand words -- Year five, epilogue : The widening gyre.

Earth

August 15, 2013
New York, NY : DK Publishing, 2013.
528 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 31 cm
Includes index.
At head of title: Smithsonian.

Geological aspects of key archaeological sites in northern Kentucky and southern Ohio

August 14, 2013
Columbus : State of Ohio, Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, 2007.
vii, 120 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
"Guidebook originally prepared for Field Trip 6 for the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 26-29, 1992"--T.p.

Earth as art

July 30, 2013
Friedl, Lawrence.
Washington, DC : National Aeronautics and Space Administration, [2012]
viii, 158 p. : col. ill. ; 27 cm.
Images from Earth-observing environmental satellites in orbit around the planet. This book shows patterns, shapes, colors, and textures of the land, oceans, ice, and atmosphere.

Weather

July 2, 2013
Rattini, Kristin Baird.
Washington, D.C. : National Geographic Society, c2013.
32 p. : col. ill. ; 24 cm.
Look up at the sky -- What is weather? -- The sun -- Clouds -- What comes from clouds? -- Lightning and thunder -- Rainbows -- 6 ways weather is wild -- Wind -- Weather and me -- What in the world?

The attacking ocean : the past, present, and future of rising sea levels

June 12, 2013
Fagan, Brian M.
New York, NY : Bloomsbury Press, 2013.
xxii, 265 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Minus one hundred twenty-two meters and climbing -- Millennia of dramatic change. Doggerland ; Euxine and Ta-Mehu ; "Marduk laid a reed on the face of the waters" -- Catastrophic forces. "Men were swept away by waves" ; "The whole shoreline filled" ; "The abyss of the depths was uncovered" ; "The whole is now one festering mess" ; The Golden Waterway ; "Wave in the harbor" -- Challenging inundations. A right to subsistence ; The dilemma of islands ; "The crookedest river in the world" ; "Here the tide is ruled, by the wind, the moon and us."
A history of climate change describes the dramatic evolution and stabilization of the oceans before the rise of humans approximately 6,000 years ago, tracing a significant rise in global temperatures since 1860 and how a rising sea level is affecting world populations. By the best-selling author of The Great Warming.

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