New Arrivals · Politics

May 24, 2016
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

The battle for home : the vision of a young architect in Syria

May 23, 2016
Al-Sabouni, Marwa, author, illustrator.
New York, New York : Thames & Hudson, 2016.
183 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
The Battle For Freedom -- The Battle Of Old Homs -- The Battle Of Mortar -- the Battle Of Baba Amr -- The Battle For A Home -- The Battle For Continuity.
Drawing on the author's personal experience of living and working as an architect in Syria, this book offers an eyewitness perspective on the country's bitter conflict through the lens of architecture, showing how the built environment offers a mirror to the community that inhabits it. From Syria's tolerant past, with churches and mosques built alongside one another in Old Homs and members of different religions living harmoniously together, the book chronicles the recent breakdown of social cohesion in Syria's cities, with the lack of shared public spaces intensifying divisions within the community and corrupt officials interfering in town planning for their own gain, actions symptomatic of wider abuses of power. With first-hand accounts of mortar attacks and stories of refugees struggling to find a home, this compelling and original book explores the personal impact of the conflict and offers hope for how architecture can play a role in rebuilding a sense of identity within a damaged society.

The fractured Republic : renewing America's social contract in the age of individualism

May 20, 2016
Levin, Yuval, author.
New York : Basic Books, [2016]
vii, 262 pages ; 25 cm
Out of one, many. Blinded by nostalgia ; The age of conformity ; The age of frenzy ; The age of anxiety -- The next America. The unbundled market ; Subculture wars ; One nation, after all.
"How America can overcome nostalgia, revive civil society, and thrive in the twenty-first century"--Publisher.

Rogue justice : the making of the security state

May 20, 2016
Greenberg, Karen J., author.
New York : Crown Publishers, [2016]
viii, 310 pages ; 25 cm
Part I: New Rules -- Justice at War -- The Problem -- A Pawn in Their Game -- Tearing Down the Wall -- The Twilight Zone -- Defanging the Courts -- The Justices Weigh In -- Part II: Agents of Change -- Legal Cover--Uncovered -- Glimmers of Light -- Everything Is Broken -- The Crown Jewels -- That Dog Will Not Hunt -- Part III: The Long Game -- A New Beginning -- Winning for Losing -- Losing Ground -- Further Consequences -- The Snowden Effect -- The Ever-Elusive Pendulum Swing.
"The definitive account of how America's War on Terror sparked a decade-long assault on the rule of law, weakening our courts and our Constitution in the name of national security. The day after September 11, President Bush tasked the Attorney General with preventing another terrorist attack on the United States. From that day forward, the Bush administration turned to the Department of Justice to give its imprimatur to activities that had previously been unthinkable--from the NSA's spying on US citizens to indefinite detention to torture. Many of these activities were secretly authorized, others done in the light of day. When President Obama took office, many observers expected a reversal of these encroachments upon civil liberties and justice, but the new administration found the rogue policies to be deeply entrenched, and, at times, worth preserving. Obama ramped up targeted killings, held fast to aggressive surveillance policies, and fell short on bringing reform to detention and interrogation. How did America veer so far from its founding principles of justice? Rogue Justice connects the dots for the first time--from the Patriot Act to today's military commissions, from terrorism prosecutions to intelligence priorities, from the ACLU's activism to Edward Snowden's revelations. And it poses a stark question: will the American justice system ever recover from the compromises it made for the war on terror? Riveting and deeply reported, Rogue Justice could only have been written by Karen Greenberg, one of this country's top experts on Guantanamo, torture, and terrorism, with a deep knowledge of both the Bush and Obama administrations. Now she brings to life the full story of law and policy after 9/11, introducing us to the key players and events, showing that time and again, when liberty and security have clashed, justice has been the victim"-- Provided by publisher.

The politicians & the egalitarians : the hidden history of American politics

May 19, 2016
Wilentz, Sean, author.
New York : W.W. Norton & Company, 2016.
xix, 364 pages ; 24 cm
I. Two keys to American history -- The postpartisan style in American politics -- America's forgotten egalitarian tradition -- II. The politicians & the egalitarians -- Thomas Paine : the origins of American egalitarianism -- Life, liberty, and the pursuit of Thomas Jefferson -- John Quincy Adams : slavery's arch-enemy -- John Brown : the temptation of terror -- Abraham Lincoln : egalitarian politician -- Democracy at Gettysburg, 1863 -- The steel town and the Gilded Age -- W.E.B. Du Bois : a heroic education -- Theodore Roosevelt : politics and folly -- The liberals and the leftists -- The Cold War and the perils of junk history -- Lyndon B. Johnson : the triumph of politics.
"One of our most eminent historians reminds us of the commanding role party politics has played in America's enduring struggle against economic inequality. 'There are two keys to unlocking the secrets of American politics and American political history.' So begins The Politicians & the Egalitarians, Princeton historian Sean Wilentz's bold new work of history. First, America is built on an egalitarian tradition. At the nation's founding, Americans believed that extremes of wealth and want would destroy their revolutionary experiment in republican government. Ever since, that idea has shaped national political conflict and scored major egalitarian victories--from the Civil War and Progressive eras to the New Deal and the Great Society--along the way. Second, partisanship is a permanent fixture in America, and America is the better for it. Every major egalitarian victory in United States history has resulted neither from abandonment of partisan politics nor from social movement protests but from a convergence of protest and politics, and then sharp struggles led by principled and effective party politicians. There is little to be gained from the dream of a post-partisan world. With these two insights Sean Wilentz offers a crystal-clear portrait of American history, told through politicians and egalitarians including Thomas Paine, Abraham Lincoln, and W.E.B. Du Bois--a portrait that runs counter to current political and historical thinking. As he did with his acclaimed The Rise of American Democracy, Wilentz once again completely transforms our understanding of this nation's political and moral character"--Provided by publisher.

Assholes : a theory of Donald Trump

May 13, 2016
James, Aaron (Aaron J.)
New York : Doubleday, 2016.
127 pages ; 17 cm
The Ass-Clown and the Asshole -- A Force for Good? -- The Strongman -- Saving the Marriage.
"Finally, the unnerving, seemingly inexplicable phenomenon that is the political rise of Donald Trump explained--just in time to save democracy and the world. When Aaron James first published his groundbreaking and bestselling book Assholes : A Theory in 2012, little did he or we know that he had written one of the prophetic books of our time. Donald Trump was featured prominently in that book as an exemplary asshole, of course; in this urgent new broadside, Aaron James applies the tenets of asshole theory rigorously and directly to the man as Trump continues his relentless drive to become the Republican presidential candidate. Never has an account of the asshole as a major problem for the rest of us been more called for. Never have the techniques of what James calls 'asshole management' been so desperately needed. I'm not joking. A book of potentially world historical importance. At the very least an instant bestseller"-- Provided by publisher.

In the arena : good citizens, a great republic, and how one speech can reinvigorate America

May 13, 2016
Hegseth, Pete.
New York : Threshold Editions, 2016.
xvii, 285 pages ; 24 cm
"Threshold non-fiction original hardcover"--Title page verso.
An Invitation: The Man in the Arena -- Introduction: The Strong Man Stumbles -- Part I: The "Good Citizen" : Roosevelt's Speech and Our Republic -- Hold Your Own : The Virtues and Duties of Citizenship -- Great Republics : Why France Fell and Why America Could -- The Orator : The Left's Cultural Seduction -- Part II: The "Good Patriot" : Our War and America in the World -- Citizen of the World : The World the Left Wrought -- Is It Right to Prevail? : Our Fight for Iraq -- Fight Hard : Learning the Right Lessons Since 9/11 -- Part III: "The Power of Looking Ahead" : The Future of Our Republic -- Equal of Opportunity : Revitalizing the American Dream -- The "Wise Statesman" : Threats to a New American Century -- A Prescription: Advancing Citizenship in a Republic -- An Exhortation: The Great Devotions.
"A vigorous call-to-arms to reignite American citizenship at home and restore American power abroad, using the timeless truths of Teddy Roosevelt's iconic 'Man in the Arena' speech, by the Fox News contributor and decorated Iraq and Afghanistan war veteran. Pete Hegseth makes an impassioned and experiential argument for how Teddy Roosevelt's articulation of 'good citizens,' 'equality of opportunity,' and unapologetic U.S. leadership--'good patriots'--can renew our imperiled American experiment and save the free world, in this fascinating, first-hand challenge to elite progressivism, ahistorical foreign policy, and status-quo politics. Despite contention surrounding Teddy Roosevelt's legacy, Hegseth argues that the Rough Rider's exhortation serves as a timeless wake-up call for our Republic. Hegseth resurrects Roosevelt's famous 'Citizenship in a Republic' address--best known for the 'Man in the Arena' quote--as a roadmap for addressing the massive challenges facing America today. In order to rejuvenate what makes America exceptional, we must unapologetically get back into Roosevelt's arena--as engaged 'good citizens' at home and powerful 'good patriots' in the world. Bolstered by gripping personal experience, Hegseth channels Teddy Roosevelt's words to make a case for turning America's highest ideals into action through the gritty virtues of citizenship, the dogged pursuit of equal opportunity, and aggressive commitment to winning the wars we fight--including the Iraq War. An exceptional American experiment was entrusted to 'average citizens' in 1776 and has been perpetuated by every generation since"--Provided by publisher.

Lies, incorporated : the world of post-truth politics

May 13, 2016
Rabin-Havt, Ari, author.
xviii, 238 pages ; 21 cm
"An Anchor Books original"
The birth of lies incorporated: tobacco -- Tobacco's sequel: climate change -- Lie panel: health care -- Growth in a time of lies: debt -- On the border of truth: immigration reform -- Two dangerous weapons: guns and lies -- One lie, one vote: voter ID laws -- Shut that whole lie down: abortion -- A lie's last gasp: gay marriage -- Defeating lies incorporated.
"A progressive research and information center examines how organizations and lobbies like gun control, tobacco and alcohol and oil have combined forces to attack and distort the truth, cripple legislation and create controversy where there is none,"--NoveList.

Not forgotten : the true story of my imprisonment in North Korea

May 13, 2016
Bae, Kenneth, author.
Nashville : W. Publishing Group, [2016].
xviii, 247 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
"Driven by his passion to help the people of North Korea, Bae moves to neighboring China to lead guided tours into the secretive nation. Six years later, after eighteen successful excursions in and out of the country, Ken is suddenly stopped at the border: he inadvertently brought his hard drive, that reveals the true nature of his visits, to customs. He is arrested, brought to Pyongyang for further questioning, and sentenced to fifteen years of hard labor. His crime? Attempting to overthrow the North Korean government"

Who rules the world?

May 10, 2016
Chomsky, Noam, author.
New York : Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, 2016.
viii, 307 pages ; 25 cm
The responsibility of intellectuals, redux -- Terrorists wanted the world over -- The torture memos and historical amnesia -- The invisible hand of power -- American decline : causes and consequences -- Is America over? -- Magna Carta, its fate, and ours -- The week the world stood still -- The Oslo Accords : their context, their consequences -- The eve of destruction -- Israel-Palestine : the real options -- "Nothing for other people" : class war in the United States -- Whose security? How Washington protects itself and the corporate sector -- Outrage -- How many minutes to midnight? -- Cease-fires in which violations never cease -- The U.S. is a leading terrorist state -- Obama's historic move -- "Two ways about it" -- One day in the life of a reader of the New York Times -- "The Iranian threat" : who is the gravest danger to world peace? -- The doomsday clock -- Masters of mankind.
"The world's leading intellectual offers a probing examination of the waning American Century, the nature of U.S. policies post-9/11, and the perils of valuing power above democracy and human rights."-- Provided by publisher.

A self-made man : the political life of Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1849

May 10, 2016
Blumenthal, Sidney, 1948- author.
New York : Simon & Schuster, 2016.
xv, 556 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Timeline -- Cast of Characters -- The Slave -- The Reader -- The Age of Reason -- The Slasher -- Paradise Lost -- Old Man Eloquent -- The Springfield Lyceum -- The Rivals -- The Romance -- The Prophet -- The Duelist -- Coup d'Etat -- Infidels -- Great Expectations -- Ranchero Spotty -- The Hayseed -- The Firm -- The Spoils -- A Hundred Keys.
"The first of a multi-volume history of Lincoln as a political genius--from his obscure beginnings to his presidency, assassination, and the overthrow of his post-Civil War dreams of Reconstruction. This first volume traces Lincoln from his painful youth, to his emergence as the man we recognize as Abraham Lincoln. From his youth as a 'newsboy, ' a voracious newspaper reader, Lincoln became a free thinker, reading Tom Paine, as well as Shakespeare and the Bible, and studying Euclid to sharpen his arguments as a lawyer. Lincoln's anti-slavery thinking began in his childhood amidst the Primitive Baptist antislavery dissidents in backwoods Kentucky and Indiana, the roots of his repudiation of Southern Christian pro-slavery theology. Intensely ambitious, he held political aspirations from his earliest years. Obsessed with Stephen Douglas, his political rival, he battled him for decades. Successful as a circuit lawyer, Lincoln built his team of loyalists. Blumenthal reveals how Douglas and Jefferson Davis acting together made possible Lincoln's rise. Blumenthal describes a socially awkward suitor who had a nervous breakdown over his inability to deal with the opposite sex. His marriage to the upper class Mary Todd was crucial to his social aspirations and his political career. Blumenthal portrays Mary as an asset to her husband, a rare woman of her day with strong political opinions. He discloses the impact on Lincoln's anti-slavery convictions when handling his wife's legal case to recover her father's fortune in which he discovered her cousin was a slave. Blumenthal's robust portrayal is based on prodigious research of Lincoln's record and of the period and its main players. It reflects both Lincoln's time and the struggle that consumes our own political debate"-- Provided by publisher.

This brave new world : India, China and the United States

May 9, 2016
Manuel, Anja, author.
New York, NY : Simon & Schuster, 2016.
xiv, 349 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
"In the next decade and a half, China and India will become two of the world's indispensable powers--whether they rise peacefully or not. During that time, Asia will surpass the combined strength of North America and Europe in economic might, population size, and military spending. Both India and China will have vetoes over many international decisions, from climate change to global trade, human rights, and business standards. From her front row view of this colossal shift, first at the State Department and now as an advisor to American business leaders, Anja Manuel escorts the reader on an intimate tour of the corridors of power in Delhi and Beijing. Her encounters with political and business leaders reveal how each country's history and politics influences their conduct today. Through vibrant stories, she reveals how each country is working to surmount enormous challenges--from the crushing poverty of Indian slum dwellers and Chinese factory workers, to outrageous corruption scandals, rotting rivers, unbreathable air, and managing their citizens' discontent. We wring our hands about China, Manuel writes, while we underestimate India, which will be the most important country outside the West to shape China's rise. Manuel shows us that a different path is possible--we can bring China and India along as partners rather than alienating one or both, and thus extend our own leadership in the world"-- Provided by publisher.

Herbert Hoover in the White House : the ordeal of the presidency

May 5, 2016
Rappleye, Charles, author.
New York : Simon & Schuster, 2016.
xx, 554 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
Part I: The rise and fall of Herbert Hoover. He did not choose ; A political diptych ; Flashpoints, and a landslide ; "Hoover the silent" ; Bright with hope ; The Wall Street Frankenstein ; The special session ; The crash ; The president's hair shirts ; "The peculiar weakness of Mr. Hoover" -- Part II: War on a thousand fronts. Challenging facts ; Friction at the Fed ; The ground gives way ; Playing politics with human misery ; The ghost of Grover Cleveland ; Credit crunch ; The Gibraltar of world stability ; Reconstruction -- Part III: The bitter end. Roosevelt rising ; The conflicted candidate ; Evil magic ; President reject ; Interregnum ; The sound of crashing banks.
Describes the uphill battle faced by the thirty-first president, who served his single term during the Great Depression, portraying the man as bright, well-meaning, and energetic but ultimately lacking in the tools of leadership.--Publisher

Disraeli : the novel politician

May 5, 2016
Cesarani, David.
New Haven : Yale University Press, [2016]
viii, 292 pages ; 22 cm.
Lauded as a "great Jew," excoriated by antisemites, and one of Britain's most renowned prime ministers, Benjamin Disraeli has been widely celebrated for his role in Jewish history. But is the perception of him as a Jewish hero accurate? In what ways did he contribute to Jewish causes? In this groundbreaking, lucid investigation of Disraeli's life and accomplishments, David Cesarani draws a new portrait of one of Europe's leading nineteenth-century statesmen, a complicated, driven, opportunistic man. While acknowledging that Disraeli never denied his Jewish lineage, boasted of Jewish achievements, and argued for Jewish civil rights while serving as MP, Cesarani challenges the assumption that Disraeli truly cared about Jewish issues. Instead, his driving personal ambition required him to confront his Jewishness at the same time as he acted opportunistically. By creating a myth of aristocratic Jewish origins for himself, and by arguing that Jews were a superior race, Disraeli boosted his own career but also contributed to the consolidation of some of the most fundamental stereotypes of modern antisemitism.

The Great White Way : race and the Broadway musical

May 5, 2016
Hoffman, Warren, 1976-
New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, [2014]
x, 251 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Overture : all singin'! all dancin'! all white people? -- Act one : 1927-1957 -- Only make believe : performing race in Show boat -- Playing cowboys and Indians : forging whiteness in Oklahoma! and Annie get your gun -- Trouble in New York City : the racial politics of West Side story and the Music man -- Act two : 1967-2012 -- Carbon copies : Black and interracial productions of white musicals -- A chorus line : the Benetton of Broadway musicals -- Everything old is new again : nostalgia and the Broadway musical at the end of the twentieth century -- Exit music.

Detroit resurrected : to bankruptcy and back

May 5, 2016
Bomey, Nathan, author.
New York, N.Y. : W.W. Norton & Company, [2016]
xv, 297 pages ; 25 cm
Prologue: 4:06 p.m. -- The nerd -- Deal of the year -- Kevyn Orr -- Project Debtwa -- Chapter 9 -- Sacrosanct? -- Swaps saga -- Pills over Picasso -- You can't eat principles -- Haircuts -- Fixing the city -- "Get the damn buttons" -- The empty cabin -- One bullet, two creditors -- The Rhodes Test.

The limousine liberal : how an incendiary image united the right and fractured America

May 5, 2016
Fraser, Steve, 1945- author.
New York : Basic Books, 2016.
291 pages ; 25 cm
"No political metaphor in recent American history has enjoyed the impact of the limousine liberal. Taking aim at what many consider the hypocrisy of wealthy liberals who champion the cause of the poor but who have no intention of bearing the costs of doing anything about their plight, it has mobilized an enduring politics of resentment against everything from civil rights to environmental regulation. In The Limousine Liberal, Steve Fraser argues that the metaphor of the limousine liberal has had a pernicious effect on American political culture. From Henry Ford's attacks on Jews, bankers, and Bolsheviks in the 1920s to the Tea Party's vehement hatred of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, it has served as the animus binding together right-wing populism in America. In the vein of the late Richard Hofstadter, Fraser dives down below the surface of rational political life to identify and understand the right's most elemental fears."-- Provided by publisher.

Bright, infinite future : a generational memoir on the progressive rise

May 2, 2016
Green, Mark J., author.
New York : St. Martin's Press, 2016.
x, 383 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
"Blending the historical, biographical and political, the wide-ranging Bright, Infinite Future describes how the values of the '60s are creating a new progressive majority in '16. The multi-faceted Mark Green--bestselling author, public interest lawyer and elected official--is our guide through contemporary American politics as Nader launches the modern consumer movement; Clinton wins the 1992 New York primary and therefore the nomination; and Green loses the closest NYC mayoral election in a century to Bloomberg after 9/11 in a perfect storm of money, terrorism, and race. As Public Advocate, Green is Mayor Giuiliani's bête noir, exposing NYPD's racial profiling, killing off Joe Camel, and then running against a "Murderer's Row" of Cuomo, de Blasio, Schumer, and Bloomberg. Starting with the consequential movements of the '60s, Green shows how a rising tide of minority and millennial voters, GOP's lurch from mainstream to extreme, and the contrast between the presidencies of Bush and Clinton Obama are leading to a new era of "Progressive Patriotism" built on four cornerstones: an Economy-for-All, Democracy-for-All, Compact on Race & Justice, and Sustainable Climate. Full of behind-the-scenes stories about bold-faced names, this will be the 2016 book for liberals looking to a "bright, infinite future" (Leonard Bernstein), conservatives wanting to know what they're up against, and readers who want to know "what-it-takes" in the arena."-- Provided by publisher.

Off script : an advance man's guide to White House stagecraft, campaign spectacle, and political suicide

May 2, 2016
King, Josh (Joshua), author.
New York : St. Martin's Press, [2016]
xv, 360 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
"Being a public figure is no walk in the park - the world focuses on every move that politicians make and highlights their every mistake. "Image collapse" can befall anyone whose carefully cultivated persona is pitted against intermediaries in the broadcast booths of cable news networks or behind the photo desks of newspapers, magazines, and today's host of digital platforms. As a world-traveling "advance man," an operative who orchestrates TV- and photo-ready moments involving important political figures, Josh King has unique experience working with the reputations of officeholders, candidates and other public figures. In Off Script, King leads readers through an entertaining and illuminating journey through the Hall of Infamy of some of the most catastrophic examples of political theater of the last quarter century. Readers might remember these cringe worthy moments as simple cases of bad luck. King argues, instead, that they were symptomatic of something larger: our broad appetite for public embarrassment, the media's business imperatives in satiating that craving, and the propensity of politicians to serve it up on a platter, often by pretending to be someone they're not while strutting on the public stage. We tour recent history - King calls it "the Age of Optics"--To establish this syndrome, and then turn to the Obama administration and what Josh calls the emergence of the "Vanilla Presidency." King argues that Barack Obama has been more guarded and more protective of the presidential persona than anyone in history, and as we look to the elections of 2016 and beyond, we have to wonder: Will our future president follow Obama's example? If so, how will that influence the relationship between our nation's citizens and their leader?"-- Provided by publisher.

ISIS : a history

May 2, 2016
Gerges, Fawaz A., 1958- author.
xiii, 368 pages ; 23 cm
Down the rabbit hole and into the history of ISIS -- The world according to ISIS -- Where ISIS came from : Zarqawi to Baghdadi -- How broken Iraqi politics fueled the revival of ISIS -- Baghdadi's evolution : from invisible to infamous -- Baathists and ISIS Jihadists : who converted whom? -- How the Syrian War empowered ISIS -- Misappropriating the Arab Spring uprisings -- ISIS versus Al Qaeda : redefining Jihad and the transition from the global to the local -- The future of ISIS.
"The Islamic State has stunned the world with its savagery, destructiveness, and military and recruiting successes. What explains the rise of ISIS and what does it portend for the future of the Middle East? In this book, one of the world's leading authorities on political Islam and jihadism sheds new light on these questions as he provides a unique history of the rise and growth of ISIS. Moving beyond journalistic accounts, Fawaz Gerges provides a clear and compelling account of the deeper conditions that fuel ISIS. The book describes how ISIS emerged in the chaos of Iraq following the 2003 U.S. invasion, how the group was strengthened by the suppression of the Arab Spring and by the war in Syria, and how ISIS seized leadership of the jihadist movement from Al Qaeda. Part of a militant Sunni revival, ISIS claims its goals are to resurrect a caliphate and rid "Islamic lands" of all Shia and other minorities. In contrast to Al Qaeda, ISIS initially focused on the "near enemy" -- Shia, the Iraqi and Syrian regimes, and secular, pro-Western states in the Middle East. But in a tactical shift ISIS has now taken responsibility for spectacular attacks in Europe and other places beyond the Middle East, making it clear that the group is increasingly interested in targeting the "far enemy" as well. Ultimately, the book shows how decades of dictatorship, poverty, and rising sectarianism in the Middle East, exacerbated by foreign intervention, led to the rise of ISIS -- and why addressing those problems is the only way to ensure its end. An authoritative introduction to arguably the most important conflict in the world today, this is an essential book for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the social turmoil and political violence ravaging the Arab-Islamic world."--provided by publisher.

World War I (1914-1919)

April 29, 2016
xix, 308 pages ; 27 cm.
Opening volleys. US ambassador's reaction to Austria's ultimatum ; Germany's appeal to the Americans ; US report on German atrocities in Belgium ; US statements on the status of armed merchant vessels ; US "strict accountability" warning to Germany ; The sinking of the Lusitania ; US reaction to Allied protest regarding German submarines ; Wilson's "Peace without victory" address ; The British prime minister on America's entry into the war ; The German chancellor on the prospect of war with the United States ; The French prime minister on America's entry in the war ; Former President Taft on America's entry into the war ; The US Press Office on actions by US naval destroyers ; Germany's Crown Prince Wilhelm's assessment of US troops -- A range of reactions. War increases toy soldier sales ; Resolutions adopted by the International Congress of Women ; The failure of German-Americanism ; War is "a blessing, not a curse" -- the case for why we must fight ; A Nebraska senator opposes US entry into the war ; The Espionage Act of 1917 ; Walter Lippmann on the war and American democracy ; America first, now and hereafter ; The unity of America ; German enemy of US hanged by mob ; Remarks by Scott Nearing at his trial ; The Sedition Act of 1918 ; No Negroes allowed -- Outside influences. Report on Armenian genocide ; US-Mexico tensions ; The Zimmerman telegram ; US participation in the Archangel Expedition in Russia -- War preparedness. President Woodrow Wilson: "Do your bit for America" ; A labor leader on military conscription ; The use of US railroads during wartime ; A survey of American war readiness ; The Railway Control Act -- Combat maneuvers. US ambassador's report of German retreat in France ; On the Paris gun ; The battle of Cantigny ; The battle of Belleau Wood ; The second battle of the Marne -- Soldier's stories. Personal letter of a driver at the front ; A Marine flyer in France ; A Marine corporal's war diary ; Ernest Hemingway's return from the Italian front ; The story of a Black infantry unit ; A soldier's letters home ; Diary of a soldier on the front lines in France ; Letter from a private in the Expeditionary Force ; Letters home by a supply officer ; Diary of an artillery soldier at the end of the war ; Armistice: the end of the war ; Diary of an ordnance officer assigned to postwar "cleanup" -- Medical realities. The first gas attack ; The effects of shell shock ; Diary of an Army private at a base hospital ; The high road to self-support ; An Army physician on the 1918 flu pandemic -- A new world. Wilson's Fourteen Points ; John Dewey: "The social possibilities of war" -- Appendixes. Chronological list ; Web resources ; Bibliography ; Index.

A rage for order : the Middle East in turmoil, from Tahrir Square to ISIS

April 27, 2016
Worth, Robert Forsyth, 1965- author.
New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2016.
259 pages ; 24 cm
Revolts. One People (Egypt) ; Revenge (Libya) ; Sects (Syria) ; Prisoners of the Sheikh (Yemen) -- Restorations. Brothers (Egypt) ; In the Caliph's shadow (Yemen, Syria) ; Reconciliation (Tunisia).
"In 2011, a wave of revolution spread through the Middle East as protesters demanded an end to tyranny, corruption, and economic decay. From Egypt to Yemen, a generation of young Arabs insisted on a new ethos of common citizenship. Five years later, their utopian aspirations have taken on a darker cast as old divides reemerge and deepen. In one country after another, brutal terrorists and dictators have risen to the top. A Rage for Order is the first work of literary journalism to track the tormented legacy of what was once called the Arab Spring. In the style of V.S. Naipaul and Lawrence Wright, the distinguished New York Times correspondent Robert F. Worth brings the history of the present to life through vivid stories and portraits. We meet a Libyan rebel who must decide whether to kill the Qaddafi-regime torturer who murdered his brother; a Yemeni farmer who lives in servitude to a poetry-writing, dungeon-operating chieftain; and an Egyptian doctor who is caught between his loyalty to the Muslim Brotherhood and his hopes for a new, tolerant democracy. Combining dramatic storytelling with an original analysis of the Arab world today, A Rage for Order captures the psychic and actual civil wars raging throughout the Middle East, and explains how the dream of an Arab renaissance gave way to a new age of discord"--Provided by publisher.

Blood year : the unraveling of Western counterterrorism

April 27, 2016
Kilcullen, David, author.
New York ; London : Oxford University Press, 2016.
xi, 288 pages : maps ; 22 cm
Debacle -- Disaggregation -- Abyss -- Waterfall -- Crocodile -- Tsunami -- Rebirth -- Collapse -- Retribution -- Rollback? -- Internationale -- Wilayat -- Khilafah -- Transformation -- Spillover -- Maskirovka -- Age of conflict.
"2014 has the potential to go down as a crucial year in modern world history. A resurgent and bellicose Russia took over Crimea and fueled a civil war in Eastern Ukraine. Post-Saddam Iraq, in many respects a creature of the United States because of the war that began in 2003, lost a third of its territory to an army of hyper-violent millennialists. The peace process in Israel seemed to completely collapse. Finally, after coalescing in Syria as a territorial entity, the Islamic State swept into northern Iraq and through northeastern Syria, attracting legions of recruits from Europe and the Middle East. In short, the post-Cold War security order that the US had constructed after 1991 seemed to be coming apart at the seams. David Kilcullen was one of the architects of America's strategy in the late phases of the second Gulf War, and also spent time in Afghanistan and other hotspots. In Blood Year, he provides a wide-angle view of the current situation in the Middle East and analyzes how America and the West ended up in such dire circumstances. Whereas in 2008 it appeared that the U.S. might pull a modest stalemate from the jaws of defeat in Iraq, six years later the situation had reversed. After America pulled out of Iraq completely in 2011, the Shi'ite president cut Sunnis out of the power structure and allowed Iranian influence to grow. And from the debris of Assad's Syria arose an extremist Sunni organization even more radical than Al Qaeda. Unlike Al Qaeda, ISIS was intent on establishing its own state, and within a remarkably short time they did. Interestingly, Kilcullen highlights how embittered former Iraqi Ba'athist military officers were key contributors to ISIS's military successes. Kilcullen lays much of the blame on Bush's initial decision to invade Iraq (which had negative secondary effects in Afghanistan), but also takes Obama to task for simply withdrawing and adopting a "leading from behind" strategy. As events have proven, Kilcullen contends, withdrawal was a fundamentally misguided plan. The U.S. had uncorked the genie, and it had a responsibility to at least attempt to keep it under control. Instead, the U.S. is at a point where administration officials state that the losses of Ramadi and Palmyra are manageable setbacks. Kilcullen argues that the U.S. needs to re-engage in the region, whether it wants to or not, because it is largely responsible for the situation that is now unfolding. Blood Year is an essential read for anyone interested in understanding not only why the region that the U.S. invaded a dozen years ago has collapsed into utter chaos, but also what it can do to alleviate the grim situation."--Provided by

Cause & effect: The fall of the Soviet Union

April 26, 2016
Marcovitz, Hal.
San Diego, CA : ReferencePoint Press, Inc., 2016.
80 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm.
Rise and fall of a superpower -- How did czarist policies contribute to the rise of communism? -- How did Soviet economic polices lead to collapse? -- What role did the Cold War weapons build-up play in the Soviet collapse? -- How did the collapse of the Soviet Union lead to war and ethnic conflict?
The Fall of the Soviet Union occurred after decades of economic chaos and a nuclear arms race with the West. This title begins with a brief history of the Soviet Union's collapse and then examines key questions.

Tom Paine's iron bridge : building a United States

April 25, 2016
Gray, Edward G., 1964-
New York : W.W. Norton & Company, 2016.
xiv, 235 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 22 cm
Author's note: Architect, not engineer -- River city -- The hazards of competition -- Years of peril -- The trials of the republic of Pennsylvania -- The Schuylkill and its crossings -- The Schuylkill Permanent Bridge Company -- The magical iron arch -- American architect -- An architect and his patrons -- The great rupture -- The specter of Paine -- Citizen Paine -- No nation of iron bridges -- Epilogue -- A note on sources.
"The little-known story of the architectural project that lay at the heart of Paine's grand political vision for the United States. Thomas Jefferson praised Tom Paine as the greatest political writer of the age. The author of 'Common Sense' and Rights of Man, Paine helped make revolutions in America and France. But beyond his inspiring calls to action, Paine harbored a deeper political vision for his adopted country. It was embodied in an architectural project that he spent decades planning: an iron bridge to span the Schuylkill River at Philadelphia. The bridge was Paine's answer to the political puzzle of the new nation: how to sustain a republic as large and geographically fragmented as the United States. Among its patrons were other giants of the time, including Benjamin Franklin and Edmund Burke, Paine's ideological opponent. Set against the background of the American Revolution, the story of his iron bridge reveals a new Tom Paine and connects this revolutionary to the vast program of internal improvements that soon transformed America"--Provided by publisher.

Postwar 1940s (1945-1950)

April 25, 2016
xix, 308 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
Edition statement supplied by publisher.
War Crimes and Tribunals. Executive Order 9547 ; Nuremberg Code ; Establishment and Proceedings of the Tribunal ; Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide -- The New World Order. Preamble of the UN Charter ; Potsdam Agreement ; Statement by General MacArthur on the Occupation of Japan ; No Sacrificing of Basic Principles for Expediency ; Complete Integration of Military Operations ; The World Needs the Tonic of Universal Truth ; No Country Fears a Strong America ; "The Sources of Soviet Conduct" ; Truman Statement on Immigration into Palestine ; Truman Doctrine Speech ; Speech on the Marshall Plan ; Vyshinsky's Speech to the UN General Assembly ; NATO Treaty ; Memorandum on Lifting the Soviet Blockade -- American Alliances. Act of Chapultepec ; Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance ; Pact of Bogota ; Address by Secretary Acheson, September 19, 1949 -- Atomic Policy. Atomic Energy and International Trade ; Atomic Explosion in the USSR ; International Control of Atomic Energy -- The Red Scare. Executive Order 9835 ; Testimony of J. Edgar Hoover before the House Un-American Activities Committee ; Ronald Reagan's Testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee ; Testimony Regarding Communist Investigations -- Domestic Affairs. A Reason Must Be Substituted for Force ; Twenty-Second Amendment ; Taft-Hartley Act ; Practical Peacetime Applications ; Truman's State of the Union Speech -- The Rise of Civil Rights. Mendez et al. v. Westminister School District of Orange County et al. ; Morgan v. Virginia (1946) ; Report of the President's Committee on Civil Rights ; Shelley v. Kraemer (1948) ; Executive Order 9981 ; Southern Legislators Protest Proposed Anti-lynching Legislation -- Appendixes. Chronological List ; Web Resources ; Bibliography ; Index.
"Defining Documents in American History: Post War 1940s contains 40 primary source documents that provide a compelling view of documents produced from 1945-1950, following the close of World War II. This unique era in American history is one characterized by increased economic prosperity and a great expansion of the role played by the United States in world affairs. The establishment of the United Nations in 1945 brought hope that a new and better world would emerge from the ashes of World War II. The end of the war was followed by a rapid demobilization of the armed forces, but it also brought shortages in housing, an inflationary trend in the economy, conflicts between labor and management, and the emergence of a new 'red scare' wherein innocent citizens and government officials alike were persecuted for their alleged ties to communist organizations."--Publisher website.

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