New Arrivals · Life Sciences, Natural History & Animals

December 7, 2018
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Dreaming in turtle : a journey through the passion, profit, and peril of our most coveted prehistoric creatures

December 6, 2018
Laufer, Peter, 1950- author.
New York : St. Martin's Press, 2018.
xi, 290 pages ; 25 cm
"November 2018"--Title page verso.
Prologue: Operating instructions for the journalist -- The majestic turtle -- The timeless allure -- The voracious consumers -- The tawdry marketplaces -- The prodigious farms -- The illicit hunts -- The wiley smugglers -- The frustrated cops -- The pitiful casualties -- The conflicted public and the dedicated conservationists -- The imminent future -- Epilogue: A call to action.
"Traces the ongoing challenges to endangered turtle populations, evaluating the global trade practices, limited supply, and increasing demand in high-population world regions that have compromised conservation efforts." -- (Source of summary not specified)

How animals think and feel : an introduction to non-human psychology

December 3, 2018
Cheng, Ken, author.
Santa Barbara, California : Greenwood, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, [2016]
xiii, 294 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Introduction: Evolution, Scientific study of animal behavior, Tinbergen's four whys -- pt. I. Animal cognition : Sensory and perceptual processes: Transduction, Range of sensory worlds, Perceptual organization, Perceptual processes ; Basic learning: Why learn?, Nonassociative learning, Associative learning: classical conditioning, Associative learning: operant conditioning, Latent learning, The misbehavior of animals: constraints on learning ; Spatial cognition and behavior: Path integration, Terrestrial landmarks, Geometry, Some neurobiology of spatial cognition, Cognitive map: Debate: Do insects use cognitive maps?, Global navigation ; Timing: Circadian clocks, Arranging behaviors in Circadian time, Interval timing, Multiple oscillators for timing ; Numerical cognition: Analog magnitude system: approximate counts, Object-tracking system: one, two, three, too many, Training animals to count ; Emotions: Emotions and motivation, Emotions in comparative perspective, What about emotions in invertebrate animals?, Emotions, consciousness, and ethics ; Animal communication: Signals and cues, Wide range of signals, Functions of signals, Debate: How important is the actual information conveyed through animal communication?, Cognitive processes in communication ; Complex cognition: Physical cognition, Episodic-like memory, Prospective cognition, Metacognition: Debate: Do animals have metacognition?, Self-recognition: the mirror test, Social learning, Theory of mind -- pt. II. Case studies of selected animals : Honeybees: Eusocial lifestyle, Honeybee cognition, Colony collapse: a multifaceted syndrome ; Jumping spiders: Best arthropod eyes, Myrmarachne: ant-mimicking jumping spiders, Portia: stalker playing mind games ; Cephalopods: Coleoid nervous systems: embodied intelligence, Learning in cephalopods, Play in octopuses, Skin coloration: masters of disguise ; Corvids : Clark's nutcrackers, New Caledonian Crows, Western Scrub Jays -- Conclusion ; Parrots : Kea, Alex the African Grey Parrot ; Dolphins: Numerical sense, Tool use, Culture, Planning and prospective cognition, Cooperation and altruism, Imitation, Artificial "language" ; Dogs: WEIRD human and WHOC dogs, Domestication of the dog: coevolution of uncertain origin, Canid play and wild justice, Sensitivity to humans, Word learning in two dogs: a record for nonprimates ; Great apes; Primates and great apes: some basic biology, Manual skills and clever foraging, Brain and intelligence in primates, Nim, Kanzi, and ape language: Nim ; Kanzi ; What about humans? : Brief summary, What about humans?: Debate: what is special about humans?
This highly accessible book explains key scientific findings in the areas of animal cognition, emotion, and behavior in easy-to-understand language.

Appalachian mushrooms : a field guide

November 29, 2018
Sturgeon, Walt, author.
Athens, Ohio : Ohio University Press, [2018]
xx, 471 pages : color illustrations; 26 cm
"From one of the region’s foremost mushroom hunters—Walter E. Sturgeon—comes a long-overdue field guide to finding and identifying the mushrooms and fleshy fungi found in the Appalachian mountains from Canada to Georgia. Edibility and toxicity, habitat, ecology, and detailed diagnostic features of the disparate forms they take throughout their life cycles are all included, enabling the reader to identify species without the use of a microscope or chemicals. Appalachian Mushrooms is unparalleled in its accuracy and currency, from its detailed photographs to descriptions based on the most advanced classification information available, including recent DNA studies that have upended some mushrooms’ previously accepted taxonomies. Sturgeon celebrates more than 400 species in all their diversity, beauty, and scientific interest, going beyond the expected specimens to include uncommon ones and those that are indigenous to the Appalachian region. This guide is destined to be an indispensable authority on the subject for everyone from beginning hobbyists to trained experts, throughout Appalachia and beyond."--Amazon.com

Out there : a scientific guide to alien life, antimatter, and human space travel (for the cosmically curious)

November 26, 2018
Wall, Michael (Biologist), author.
New York : Grand Central Publishing, 2018.
viii, 245 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Part I: What's out there?. Where is everybody? ; Are we all Martians? ; What does ET look like? ; Do aliens have sex? ; What are we looking for? ; Where is ET hiding? ; How would the world be told? ; Could we talk to ET? ; How would the world respond? ; Have we already found ET? ; Will aliens kill us all? -- Part II: Getting out there. Will we colonize the Moon and Mars? ; Can we go interstellar? ; Will there be a Homo spaciens? ; Is time travel possible? ; What will happen to us?
"We've all asked ourselves the question. Looking up at the night sky, it's almost impossible NOT to wonder: Are we alone in the universe? In [this book], Space.com senior writer Dr. Michael Wall treats that question as merely a jumping-off point. He considers, for instance, the myriad of questions that would arise once we do discover life beyond Earth (an eventuality which, top NASA officials told Dr. Wall, is only drawing closer). From the unexpected--do aliens have sex?--to the practical--what would the first aliens we meet look like?--Dr. Wall covers it all. He explores our common perceptions of extraterrestrial creatures and hypothesizes our union with them in the future. Would they be little green men or mere microbes? Would they be found on a planet or moon in our own solar system or orbiting a star far, far away? Would they intend to harm us, and if so, how might they do it? And might they already have visited? Dr. Wall covers questions beyond alien life, venturing into astronomy, physics, and the practical realities of what long-term life might be like for us mere humans in outer space, including the economic implications and the possibility of Mars colonies. He shares the insights of some of the leading lights in space exploration today, from professors of astronomy and molecular biology at world-renowned universities to CEOs of companies dedicated to space exploration. He demonstrates how the next space age might be brighter than anything we've yet seen, and right on the horizon."--Dust jacket.

Flora : inside the secret world of plants

November 20, 2018
©2018
440 pages : color illustrations ; 31 cm
Includes index and glossary.
Foreword by Barbara W. Faust, Director, Smithsonian Gardens.
The plant kingdom -- Roots -- Stems and branches -- Leaves -- Flowers -- Seeds and fruits -- Plant families.
"From tiny mosses and delicate ferns to vibrant blooms and stately palms, Flora invites you to explore the plant kingdom from the ground up, and from root to leaf tip. DK's elegant introduction to botany is packed with sumptuous photos and crystal-clear illustrations that explain the mechanics of photosynthesis, why leaves change color, how cacti store water, and how seeds know when to grow. Filled with fascinating stories of how plant roots and leaves communicate with their neighbors and how flowers use color and scent to interact with--and manipulate--the creatures around them, Flora is a fresh and engaging introduction to the mysterious inner workings of the plant world."--Amazon.com.

The splendor of birds : art and photographs from National Geographic

November 20, 2018
Howell, Catherine Herbert, author.
Washington, DC : National Geographic Partners, [2018]
510 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 31 cm
Includes index.

Endangered and disappearing birds of the Midwest

November 16, 2018
Williams, Matt (Photographer), author, photographer.
Bloomington, Indiana : Indiana University Press, [2018]
214 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 27 cm
Introduction -- Northern bobwhite -- Greater prairie-chicken -- Yellow-billed cuckoo -- Black-billed cuckoo -- Whooping crane -- Piping plover -- Marbled godwit -- Red knot -- Dunlin -- Pectoral sandpiper -- Semipalmated sandpiper -- American woodcock -- Lesser yellowlegs -- Willet -- Herring gull -- Snowy owl -- Short-eared owl -- Red-headed woodpecker -- Loggerhead shrike -- Horned lark -- Bank swallow -- Wood thrush -- Evening grosbeak -- Pine siskin -- Snow bunting -- Field sparrow -- Grasshopper sparrow -- Henslow's sparrow -- Bobolink -- Eastern meadowlark -- Golden-winged warbler -- Prothonotary warbler -- Kentucky warbler -- Kirtland's warbler -- Cape May warbler -- Cerulean warbler -- Blackpoll warbler -- Prairie warbler -- Canada warbler -- Wilson's warbler.
In Endangered and Disappearing Birds of the Midwest, Matt Williams profiles forty of the most beautiful and interesting birds who winter, breed, or migrate through the Midwest and whose populations are most in danger of disappearing from the region. Each profile includes the current endangered status of the species, a description of the bird's vocal and nesting patterns, and tips to help readers identify them, along with stunning color images and detailed migration maps.--COVER.

Never home alone : from microbes to millipedes, camel crickets, and honeybees, the natural history of where we live

November 15, 2018
Dunn, Rob R., author.
New York : Basic Books, 2018.
vii, 323 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Prologue: homo indoorus -- Wonder -- The hot spring in the basement -- Seeing in the dark -- Absence as a disease -- Bathing in a stream of life -- The problem with abundance -- The far sighted ecologist -- What good is a camel cricket? -- The problem with cockroaches is us -- Look what the cat dragged in -- Gardening the bodies of babies -- The flavor of biodiversity.
A natural history of the wilderness in our homes, from the microbes in our showers to the crickets in our basements.

Natural histories. Innumerable insects : the story of the most diverse and myriad animals on earth

November 8, 2018
Engel, Michael S., author.
©2018
xvii, 214 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
At head of title: American Museum of Natural History
"Featuring illustrations from one of the world's great rare book collections."
Introduction: Inordinate insects -- Entomology : the science of insects -- Grappling with diversity -- Earliest of the six-legged -- Insects take to the skies -- Complete metamorphosis -- Pests, parasites, and plagues -- It takes a village -- The language of insects -- Hiding in plain sight -- The world abloom.
A fascinating look at the world's most numerous inhabitants, illustrated with stunning images from the American Museum of Natural History's Rare Book Collection. To date, we have discovered and described or named around 1.1 million insect species, and thousands of new species are added to the ranks every year. It is estimated that there are around five million insect species on Earth, making them the most diverse lineage of all life by far. This magnificent volume from the American Museum of Natural History tells their incredible story. Noted entomologist Michael S. Engel explores insects' evolution and diversity; metamorphosis; pests, parasites, and plagues; society and language; camouflage; and pollination-as well as tales of discovery by intrepid entomologists.

Do frogs drink hot chocolate? : how animals keep warm

October 30, 2018
Kaner, Etta, author.
©2018
1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 24 cm
"Do polar bears build homes to keep warm? Do penguins snuggle with a friend? Yes! But their homes aren't made of wood, and penguins don't cuddle on a couch. Instead, these animals -- and many others -- have adapted in amazing ways to survive chilly weather. [This book] is a light-hearted introduction to animal adaptations around the world. Funny interactive questions paired with comic illustrations will leave readers laughing for more!" -- Back cover.

Extreme longevity : discovering Earth's oldest organisms

October 29, 2018
Kenney, Karen Latchana, author.
©2019
104 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Introduction : The whale that got away -- Slow, cold, and old : Bowhead whales -- Arctic ancients : Greenland sharks -- Near immortals : Hydra and Turritopsis -- Aged colonies : Glass sponges and stromatolites -- Reptile relics : Tuatara -- Persistent plants : King clone and Pando -- Inside DNA : searching for longevity genes.
"Some creatures can outlive humans by centuries. Readers will learn about these extreme examples of longevity in the animal kingdom, how aging happens, and what genes help animals to live so long."-- Provided by publisher.

Path of the puma : the remarkable resilience of the mountain lion

October 15, 2018
Williams, Jim, author.
Ventura, CA : Patagonia, [2018]
311 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 24 cm
Maps on endpapers.
The chase -- Finding the wild -- The front -- Gene flow: cats on the move -- Connectivity benefits bighorns and big cats -- The crown of the continent -- Following fragmentation -- Locals only -- Suburban lions -- Down south, way down south -- Austral wild -- Altered Andean landscapes -- Ranching for wildlife -- Pumas below Aconcagua -- Pumas and penguins -- Kodkods and other South American cats -- Rewilding Patagonia -- The Carretera Austral -- Arcilio the puma tracker -- A trophic cascade in Patagonia -- Conserving cats in both hemispheres -- Epilogue -- What you can do -- When pumas meet people.
During a time when most wild animals are experiencing decline in the face of development and climate change, the intrepid mountain lion -- also known as a puma, a cougar, and by many other names - has experienced reinvigoration as well as expansion of territory. What makes this cat, the fourth carnivore in the food chain -- just ahead of humans - so resilient and resourceful? And what can conservationists and wild life managers learn from them about the web of biodiversity that is in desperate need of protection? Their story is fascinating for the lessons it can afford the protection of all species in times of dire challenge and decline. -- Publisher's description.

How to be a good creature : a memoir in thirteen animals

September 27, 2018
Montgomery, Sy, author.
Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, [2018]
200 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
A naturalist and adventurer discusses the personalities and quirks of thirteen animals who have profoundly affected her, exploring themes of learning to become empathetic, creating families, coping with loss, and the otherness and sameness of people and animals.

Snakebite! : antivenom and a global health crisis

September 27, 2018
Hofer, Charles, author.
©2019
104 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Introduction: a deadly bite -- A gathering storm -- A world of venomous snakes -- Venom: a toxic brew -- Antivenom: the lifesaver -- Into the snake pit: a closer look at healthcare in america -- The same, but different -- Reversing the vicious circle -- The world is watching.
Examines the biology of venomous snakes, the pharmacology and biochemistry of antivenom, its use in treating disease, and the politics of bringing life-saving antivenom drugs to market.

When the last lion roars

September 11, 2018
Evans, Sara (Travel writer), author.
©2018
304 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 23 cm
The rise of the lion empire -- The fall of the lion empire -- People hate lions. Part 1 -- People hate lions. Part 2 -- People love lions. Part 1 -- People love lions. Part 2 -- Beyond Cecil -- Beyond gold.

The revolutionary genius of plants : a new understanding of plant intelligence and behavior

August 27, 2018
Mancuso, Stefano, author.
©2018
xii, 225 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
Memories without a brain -- Moving without muscles -- The sublime art of mimesis -- Green democracies -- The capsicophagous and other slaves of plants -- Archiplants -- Living without freshwater -- From plants to plantoids -- Space plants.
Do plants have intelligence? Do they have memory? Are they better problem solvers than people? The Revolutionary Genius of Plants--a fascinating, paradigm-shifting work that upends everything you thought you knew about plants--makes a compelling scientific case that these and other astonishing ideas are all true. Plants make up eighty percent of the weight of all living things on earth, and yet it is easy to forget that these innocuous, beautiful organisms are responsible for not only the air that lets us survive, but for many of our modern comforts: our medicine, food supply, even our fossil fuels. On the forefront of uncovering the essential truths about plants, world-renowned scientist Stefano Mancuso reveals the surprisingly sophisticated ability of plants to innovate, to remember, and to learn, offering us creative solutions to the most vexing technological and ecological problems that face us today. Despite not having brains or central nervous systems, plants perceive their surroundings with an even greater sensitivity than animals. They efficiently explore and react promptly to potentially damaging external events thanks to their cooperative, shared systems; without any central command centers, they are able to remember prior catastrophic events and to actively adapt to new ones. Every page of The Revolutionary Genius of Plants bubbles over with Stefano Mancuso's infectious love for plants and for the eye-opening research that makes it more and more clear how remarkable our fellow inhabitants on this planet really are. In his hands, complicated science is wonderfully accessible, and he has loaded the book with gorgeous photographs that make for an unforgettable reading experience. The Revolutionary Genius of Plants opens the doors to a new understanding of life on earth.

American Serengeti : the last big animals of the Great Plains

August 21, 2018
Flores, Dan L. (Dan Louie), 1948-
©2016
213 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Introduction: American Serengeti -- Empires of the sun : big history and the Great Plains -- Pronghorns : survivors from a lost world -- Coyote : the American jackal -- Bringing home all the pretty horses : the horse trade and the American Great Plains -- The most dangerous beast : the Grizzly, the Great Plains, the West -- A dream of bison -- Wolfsong redux -- Loving the plains, hating the plains, re-wilding the Plains.
"Bison. Horses. Coyotes. Wolves. Grizzly Bears. Pronghorns. A la John McPhee and Edward Hoagland, noted Western and environmental historian Flores dazzles with his vivid, informed, and richly detailed essays on six iconic animals of the American Great Plains. Diving into their genetic past as far back as the Pleistocene epoch and on up to restoration efforts in recent times, Flores is especially evocative and illuminating about the lives of these animals (and their interactions with humans) in the several centuries running from the dawn of the Age of Exploration through the end of the Indian Wars"--Provided by publisher.

Underbug : an obsessive tale of termites and technology

August 20, 2018
Margonelli, Lisa, author.
New York : Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2018.
303 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Part I. A termite safari -- Part II. Riddles in the dirt ; An inconvenient insect ; Into the mound ; Complexity is the essence ; Because they are so sweet ; A black box with six legs ; Waiting for Carnot -- Part III. The second termite safari ; Life in the firehose ; Jazz in the metagenome ; Burning very slowly ; Restless streams -- Part IV. Crossing the abstraction barrier ; Influential individuals ; The robot apocalypse -- Part V. Darwin's termites ; The soul of the soil ; The math of fairy circles ; The soul of the cell ; Empathy and the drone ; White ants -- Part VI. Them and us.
"Are we more like termites than we ever imagined? In Underbug, the award-winning journalist Lisa Margonelli introduces us to the enigmatic creatures that collectively outweigh human beings ten to one and consume $40 billion worth of valuable stuff annually. Over the course of a decade-long obsession with one of nature's most influential but least understood bugs, Margonelli pokes around termite mounds and high-tech research facilities, closely watching biologists, roboticists, and geneticists. What begins as a natural history of the termite becomes a personal exploration of the unnatural future we're building, with darker observations on power, technology, historical trauma, and the limits of human cognition. Her globe-trotting journey veers into uncharted territory, from evolutionary theory to Edwardian science literature to the military-industrial complex. Whether in Namibia or Cambridge, Arizona or Australia, Margonelli turns up astounding facts and raises provocative questions. Is a termite an individual or a unit of a superorganism? Can we harness the termite's properties to change the world? If we build termite-like swarming robots, will they inevitably destroy us? Is it possible to think without having a mind? Underbug burrows into these questions and many others--unearthing disquieting answers about the world's most underrated insect and what it means to be human."--Dust jacket.

The tangled tree : a radical new history of life

August 17, 2018
Quammen, David, 1948- author.
©2018
xvi, 461 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Three surprises: an introduction -- Darwin's little sketch -- A separate form of life -- Mergers and acquisitions -- Big tree -- Infective reality -- Topiary -- E pluribus unum.
"Nonpareil science writer David Quammen explains how recent discoveries in molecular biology can change our understanding of evolution and life's history, with powerful implications for human health and even our own human nature." -- Publisher annotation.

Lamarck's revenge : how epigenetics is revolutionizing our understanding of evolution's past and present

August 16, 2018
Ward, Peter D. (Peter Douglas), 1949- author.
©2018
273 pages ; 24 cm
"In the 1700s, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck first described epigenetics to explain the inheritance of acquired characteristics; however, his theory was supplanted in the 1800s by Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection through heritable genetic mutations. But natural selection could not adequately explain how rapidly species re-diversified and repopulated after mass extinctions. Now advances in the study of DNA and RNA have resurrected epigenetics, which can create radical physical and physiological changes in subsequent generations by the simple addition of a single small molecule, thus passing along a propensity for molecules to attach in the same places in the next generation. Epigenetics is a complex process, but paleontologist and astrobiologist Peter Ward breaks it down for general readers, using the epigenetic paradigm to reexamine how the history of our species--from deep time to the outbreak of the Black Plague and into the present--has left its mark on our physiology, behavior, and intelligence. Most alarming are chapters about epigenetic changes we are undergoing now triggered by toxins, environmental pollutants, famine, poor nutrition, and overexposure to violence. Lamarck's Revenge is an eye-opening and provocative exploration of how traits are inherited, and how outside influences drive what we pass along to our progeny."--Page [2] of cover.

Bugs rule! : an introduction to the world of insects

August 16, 2018
Cranshaw, Whitney, author.
©2013
xi, 480 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (chiefly color) ; 26 cm
Includes index.
Introduction to the arthropods -- What one sees on the outside : external features of insects -- The internal organization -- Growth and metamorphosis -- The arachnids : spiders, scorpions, mites, and other eight-legged wonders -- The "other" arthropods -- Oldies but goodies -- Insects fly! -- Jumpers and strollers : grasshoppers, crickets, and walkingsticks -- Variety is the spice of life : some minor, but interesting, insect orders -- Roach cities and assassin cousins -- Lousy nitpickers -- Life on an all-fluid diet -- Insect bruisers and their lacewinged cousins -- City builders that rule -- Scale-winged beauties and custom homebuilders -- "Gift" bearers of plague : or a plump insect wedding present -- Marvels of the air : two-winged wonders.
Provides a lively introduction to the biology and natural history of insects and their noninsect cousins, such as spiders, scorpions, and centipedes. This richly illustrated textbook features more than 830 color photos, a concise overview of the basics of entomology, and numerous sidebars that highlight and explain key points. Detailed chapters cover each of the major insect groups, describing their physiology, behaviors, feeding habits, reproduction, human interactions, and more.

Cracking the AP biology exam.

August 2, 2018
New York : Random House, Inc., c1997-
v. ; 28 cm.
At head of title: The Princeton Review.

Shark quest : protecting the ocean's top predators

July 30, 2018
Young, Karen Romano, author.
©2019
128 pages : illustrations (mostly color), maps ; 24 cm
The trouble with sharks -- What's a shark? -- Feeding the beast -- Chain of life -- Swimming with sharks -- What do shark researchers do at sea? -- What do shark researchers do on shore? -- For the sharks, citizen science.
"Readers will learn all about sharks and the human relationship with sharks, including how researchers study sharks at sea and how students can get involved in learning more about sharks and helping to protect these incredible creatures"-- Provided by publisher.

The truth about animals : stoned sloths, lovelorn hippos, and other tales from the wild side of wildlife

July 26, 2018
Cooke, Lucy, 1970- author.
©2018
336 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Originally published under title: The unexpected truth about animals : a menagerie of the misunderstood. London : Transworld Publishers, 2017.
Introduction -- Eel -- Beaver -- Sloth -- Hyena -- Vulture -- Bat -- Frog -- Stork -- Hippopotamus -- Moose -- Panda -- Penguin -- Chimpanzee -- Conclusion.
When seeking to understand animals, context is key. Humans have a habit of viewing the animal kingdom through the prism of our own narrow existence. Zoologist and documentary filmmaker Lucy Cooke is fascinated by the myths people create about animals to fill in the gaps in our understanding, and how much they reveal about the mechanics of discovery and the people doing the discovering. In this book she has gathered together the biggest misconceptions and mistakes made about the animal kingdom, and recounts the experiences that have opened her eyes to many surprising realities about animals and the progress of animal science.

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