New Arrivals · Life Sciences, Natural History & Animals

February 23, 2019
These titles were recently added to the collection of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Darwin devolves : the new science about DNA that challenges evolution

February 22, 2019
Behe, Michael J., 1952- author.
New York, NY : HarperOne, [2019]
342 pages ; 24 cm
"In his controversial bestseller Darwin's Black Box, biochemist Michael Behe challenged Darwin's theory of evolution, arguing that science itself has proven that intelligent design is a better explanation for the origin of life. In Darwin Devolves, Behe advances his argument, presenting new research that offers a startling reconsideration of how Darwin's mechanism works, weakening the theory's validity even more. A system of natural selection acting on random mutation, evolution can help make something look and act differently. But evolution never creates something organically. Behe contends that Darwinism actually works by a process of devolution—damaging cells in DNA in order to create something new at the lowest biological levels. This is important, he makes clear, because it shows the Darwinian process cannot explain the creation of life itself. 'A process that so easily tears down sophisticated machinery is not one which will build complex, functional systems,' he writes. In addition to disputing the methodology of Darwinism and how it conflicts with the concept of creation, Behe reveals that what makes Intelligent Design unique—and right—is that it acknowledges causation. Evolution proposes that organisms living today are descended with modification from organisms that lived in the distant past. But Intelligent Design goes a step further asking, what caused such astounding changes to take place? What is the reason or mechanism for evolution? For Behe, this is what makes Intelligent Design so important."--Amazon.com

A field guide to eastern forests, North America

February 21, 2019
Kricher, John C.
Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1998.
xviii, 488 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), map ; 19 cm.
Includes index.
"Sponsored by the National Audubon Society, the National Wildlife Federation, and the Roger Tory Peterson Institute."
How to use this book -- Forest field marks -- Eastern forest communities -- Disturbance and pioneer plants -- Adaptation -- Patterns of spring -- Nature in summer -- Autumn and winter.
Provides an introduction to patterns of forest ecology, looks at each of the major forest types of eastern North America, examines changes that occur as abandoned fields turn into forests, features background on the process of adaptation and natural selection, and describes forest changes in each of the four seasons.

Mrs Moreau's Warbler : how birds got their names

February 14, 2019
Moss, Stephen, 1960- author.
©2018
x, 357 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
"We use names so often, and with such little thought, that we often forget to pause and wonder about their origins. What do they mean? Where did they come from? And who originally created them? Since the dawn of mankind we have been driven by a primordial urge to name the birds and beasts of the earth and skies. It is through names that we make sense of the world around us, and through understanding these names, we can arrive at a greater awareness of our world. Many of our most familiar birds are named after people or places, sometimes after their sound or appearance, or perhaps after their quirky little habits. But sometimes a little more detective work is required to find the deeper meanings and stories behind the names. And a familiar face such as the blackbird, may not turn out to be named after its color after all.Through unexpected encounters with the bird kingdom, from the familiar sparrow to the many-colored rush-tyrant of Patagonia, Stephen Moss shows us that something as small as a name can carry a whole story - an arctic expedition, a pitched battle between rival ornithologists or the discovery of a new system of genetic hybridization. Mrs Moreau's Warbler is a journey through time, from when humans and birds first shared the world, up to the present day, as we find ourselves struggling to coexist sustainably with our feathered friends"--Publisher description.

Big cats

February 14, 2019
Mills, Andrea, author.
New York : DK Publishing, 2019.
64 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm.
Includes index.

Zoological garden, Cincinnati, O.

February 13, 2019
Souvenir of Cincinnati, Zoological garden, Cincinnati, Ohio
12 unnumbered pages : all illustrations ; 9 x 13 cm
Cover title.
"Souvenir of Cincinnati"--Back cover.
[1] Washington Ave. entrance ; Elephant and buffalo house ; Rhinoceros pit -- [2] Deer Park and spring -- [3] Monkey house -- [4] Aviaries and carnivora ; Pheasant and water fowl park -- [5] Interior carnivora -- [6] Restaurant and Grand View Lake -- [7] Sea lion basin -- [8] Bear pits -- [9] Camel and deer house ; Rustic bridge ; Kangaroo, llama, ostrich house -- [10] Pony track -- [11] Eagle and owl pavillion ; Squirrel house -- [12] Wolf and fox house ; Prairie Dog Village ; Restaurant and picnic pavillion in the distance.

Cultured : how traditional foods can feed our microbiome

February 12, 2019
Courage, Katherine Harmon, author.
New York : Avery, an imprint of Penguin Random House, [2019]
x, 273 pages ; 24 cm
Microbes: in our guts and under fire -- What's in the gut -- Feeding the microbiome -- Quintessential culture: dairy -- Consider the pickle: produce -- Intoxicating ferments: grains -- Basic beans: legumes and seeds -- The undead: meat -- Bringing it home -- Conclusion. saving an invisible world.
"Probiotic yogurt and other 'gut-friendly' foods line supermarket shelves. But what's the best way to feed our all-important microbiome—and what is a microbiome, anyway? ...Cultured takes us from mountain villages in Greece and cheese caves in Switzerland to state-of-the-art biotech labs to understand precisely what's going on in the gut when we we eat these beneficial foods -including kimichi, sauerkraut, Gruyere and Emmental cheeses, slow-fermented olives, soy-based natto and tempeh, kombucha, and of course yogurt (though not necessarily the kind that comes with a built-in spoon)."--Inside dust jacket.

Narwhal : revealing an arctic legend

January 21, 2019
©2017
xxvii, 233 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 29 cm
"This book is the companion to the exhibit, "Narwhal: Revealing an Arctic Legend" at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, opening August 2017"--Title page verso.
1. What is a whale? -- 2. The universally beloved unicorn -- 3. Narwhal biology: an overview ; Listening to narwhals ; The physics of flukes -- 4. The extraordinary narwhal tooth ; Whale in the net! ; Making sense of the tusk -- 5. Narwhal DNA ; Why sequence whole genomes? ; The Narwhal Genome Initiative: a progress report -- 6. Deep time: the narwhal and beluga fossil record ; Narwhals and climate -- 7. Qaujimajatuqangit: Inuit knowledge and modern life ; Nunavut government symbols -- 8. Inuit and narwhal -- 9. Inuit contributions to narwhal knowledge -- 10. Climate and the changing Arctic ; Narwhals and the global mercury issue ; As goes the Arctic ... ; Narwhal: an uncertain future ; The last ice area -- 11. Arctic change, resource extraction, and Inuit communities in Nunavut ; Drowning in noise ; Rethinking human development ; Now is the time -- 12. Out of the Arctic, into the Smithsonian: making the Narwahl Exhibition.
"Few animals on the planet inspire the sense of wonder evoked by the narwhal. The 'Arctic unicorn' is everyone's version of 'awesome' and 'cool.' Explorers, aristocrats, artists and scientists celebrate this elusive whale and its extraordinary tusk. From Flemish unicorn tapestries, Inuit legends and traditional knowledge, and the research of devoted scientists, comes a tale of discovery reported here from the top of the world, a place where climate change is rapidly transforming one of the harshest environments on earth. How did the narwhal tusk become the horn of the fabled unicorn? What treasures do the Inuit hold about this majestic but elusive denizen? What have scientists discovered about the function of its tusk? Explore with whale biologists as they capture live narwhals to answer questions of narwhal biology, migration, population and behavior. Ponder the evolutionary history of the narwhal through paleontology and genetic science. Contemplate the fate of northern regions, animals, and peoples in a rapidly warming Arctic. Experience the insights and observations of Inuit hunters who have lived with the narwhal for thousands of years. The following pages present their views along with the latest research in narwhal biology, art, and climate science illustrated by more than a dozen photographers and graphic artists. 'Narwhal' tells the story o fthe whale that has captured the imagination of the world for centuries -- it truly reveals an Arctic legend." -- From the front flap.

The end of ice : bearing witness and finding meaning in the path of climate disruption

January 15, 2019
Jamail, Dahr, author.
New York : The New Press, [2019]
257 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Denali -- Time becomes unfrozen -- The canary in the coal mine -- Farewell coral -- The coming Atlantis -- The fate of the forests -- The fuses are lit -- The end at the top of the world -- Conclusion: Presence.
"A firsthand chronicle of the catastrophic reality of our planet's changing ecosystems and the necessity of relishing this vulnerable, fragile Earth while we still can"-- Provided by publisher.

Papa Goose : one year, seven goslings, and the flight of my life

January 10, 2019
Quetting, Michael, author.
©2018
225 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : color illustrations ; 20 cm
Originally published in Germany as Plötzlich Gänsevater.
Nine Eggs -- Gloria -- Seven goslings -- Our first dip -- Too much work! -- The monster in the barn -- Geese in the van -- Through the eyes of children -- Geese and ganders -- Flying at last -- Greedy guts -- Freddy veers off course -- The perils of puberty -- Time to go -- Flying in circles -- Farewells -- The passenger -- Back to civilization -- The birds have flown.
"Michael Quetting shares the heartwarming true story of how he became a father to seven rambunctious goslings--and the surprising things he learned along the way. Starting at the beginning, with the eggs, the journey takes the geese from the comfort of the incubator to the challenges of the airstrip, where, in the name of scientific research, they must learn to soar behind their adoptive father's ultralight aircraft. Packed with charm and humor, Papa Goose quickly draws us into the adventure as Gloria, Nemo, and the rest of the crew conquer land, water, and air."--Book jacket

Forest talk : how trees communicate

January 9, 2019
Koch, Melissa, author.
Minneapolis, MN : Twenty-First Century Books, [2019]
96 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Reconnecting with trees -- Our trees, our life -- Healthy trees, healthy humans -- Trees talk to one another -- The forest canopy's cry for help -- Listening to forests -- Next steps.

Solutions for a cleaner, greener planet : environmental chemistry

December 27, 2018
Zimmer, Marc, author.
Minneapolis : Twenty-First Century Books, [2019]
120 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
"Environmental chemistry focuses on understanding the planet's most common pollutants. Some of them, such as lead, uranium, and methane, occur naturally. Others, such as DDT, are manufactured by humans. How do they pollute? How do they get into our food, water, and air -and then into our bodies? What are the consequences to human, plant, and animal health? Through an in-depth, accessible, and intriguing look at metals, pesticides, fuels, and nuclear energy, you'll understand the chemistry of modern environmental challenges."--Inside dust jacket.

Dreaming in turtle : a journey through the passion, profit, and peril of our most coveted prehistoric creatures

December 6, 2018
Laufer, Peter, 1950- author.
New York : St. Martin's Press, 2018.
xi, 290 pages ; 25 cm
"November 2018"--Title page verso.
Prologue: Operating instructions for the journalist -- The majestic turtle -- The timeless allure -- The voracious consumers -- The tawdry marketplaces -- The prodigious farms -- The illicit hunts -- The wiley smugglers -- The frustrated cops -- The pitiful casualties -- The conflicted public and the dedicated conservationists -- The imminent future -- Epilogue: A call to action.
"Traces the ongoing challenges to endangered turtle populations, evaluating the global trade practices, limited supply, and increasing demand in high-population world regions that have compromised conservation efforts." -- (Source of summary not specified)

How animals think and feel : an introduction to non-human psychology

December 3, 2018
Cheng, Ken, author.
Santa Barbara, California : Greenwood, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, [2016]
xiii, 294 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Introduction: Evolution, Scientific study of animal behavior, Tinbergen's four whys -- pt. I. Animal cognition : Sensory and perceptual processes: Transduction, Range of sensory worlds, Perceptual organization, Perceptual processes ; Basic learning: Why learn?, Nonassociative learning, Associative learning: classical conditioning, Associative learning: operant conditioning, Latent learning, The misbehavior of animals: constraints on learning ; Spatial cognition and behavior: Path integration, Terrestrial landmarks, Geometry, Some neurobiology of spatial cognition, Cognitive map: Debate: Do insects use cognitive maps?, Global navigation ; Timing: Circadian clocks, Arranging behaviors in Circadian time, Interval timing, Multiple oscillators for timing ; Numerical cognition: Analog magnitude system: approximate counts, Object-tracking system: one, two, three, too many, Training animals to count ; Emotions: Emotions and motivation, Emotions in comparative perspective, What about emotions in invertebrate animals?, Emotions, consciousness, and ethics ; Animal communication: Signals and cues, Wide range of signals, Functions of signals, Debate: How important is the actual information conveyed through animal communication?, Cognitive processes in communication ; Complex cognition: Physical cognition, Episodic-like memory, Prospective cognition, Metacognition: Debate: Do animals have metacognition?, Self-recognition: the mirror test, Social learning, Theory of mind -- pt. II. Case studies of selected animals : Honeybees: Eusocial lifestyle, Honeybee cognition, Colony collapse: a multifaceted syndrome ; Jumping spiders: Best arthropod eyes, Myrmarachne: ant-mimicking jumping spiders, Portia: stalker playing mind games ; Cephalopods: Coleoid nervous systems: embodied intelligence, Learning in cephalopods, Play in octopuses, Skin coloration: masters of disguise ; Corvids : Clark's nutcrackers, New Caledonian Crows, Western Scrub Jays -- Conclusion ; Parrots : Kea, Alex the African Grey Parrot ; Dolphins: Numerical sense, Tool use, Culture, Planning and prospective cognition, Cooperation and altruism, Imitation, Artificial "language" ; Dogs: WEIRD human and WHOC dogs, Domestication of the dog: coevolution of uncertain origin, Canid play and wild justice, Sensitivity to humans, Word learning in two dogs: a record for nonprimates ; Great apes; Primates and great apes: some basic biology, Manual skills and clever foraging, Brain and intelligence in primates, Nim, Kanzi, and ape language: Nim ; Kanzi ; What about humans? : Brief summary, What about humans?: Debate: what is special about humans?
This highly accessible book explains key scientific findings in the areas of animal cognition, emotion, and behavior in easy-to-understand language.

Appalachian mushrooms : a field guide

November 29, 2018
Sturgeon, Walt, author.
Athens, Ohio : Ohio University Press, [2018]
xx, 471 pages : color illustrations; 26 cm
"From one of the region’s foremost mushroom hunters—Walter E. Sturgeon—comes a long-overdue field guide to finding and identifying the mushrooms and fleshy fungi found in the Appalachian mountains from Canada to Georgia. Edibility and toxicity, habitat, ecology, and detailed diagnostic features of the disparate forms they take throughout their life cycles are all included, enabling the reader to identify species without the use of a microscope or chemicals. Appalachian Mushrooms is unparalleled in its accuracy and currency, from its detailed photographs to descriptions based on the most advanced classification information available, including recent DNA studies that have upended some mushrooms’ previously accepted taxonomies. Sturgeon celebrates more than 400 species in all their diversity, beauty, and scientific interest, going beyond the expected specimens to include uncommon ones and those that are indigenous to the Appalachian region. This guide is destined to be an indispensable authority on the subject for everyone from beginning hobbyists to trained experts, throughout Appalachia and beyond."--Amazon.com

Out there : a scientific guide to alien life, antimatter, and human space travel (for the cosmically curious)

November 26, 2018
Wall, Michael (Biologist), author.
New York : Grand Central Publishing, 2018.
viii, 245 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Part I: What's out there?. Where is everybody? ; Are we all Martians? ; What does ET look like? ; Do aliens have sex? ; What are we looking for? ; Where is ET hiding? ; How would the world be told? ; Could we talk to ET? ; How would the world respond? ; Have we already found ET? ; Will aliens kill us all? -- Part II: Getting out there. Will we colonize the Moon and Mars? ; Can we go interstellar? ; Will there be a Homo spaciens? ; Is time travel possible? ; What will happen to us?
"We've all asked ourselves the question. Looking up at the night sky, it's almost impossible NOT to wonder: Are we alone in the universe? In [this book], Space.com senior writer Dr. Michael Wall treats that question as merely a jumping-off point. He considers, for instance, the myriad of questions that would arise once we do discover life beyond Earth (an eventuality which, top NASA officials told Dr. Wall, is only drawing closer). From the unexpected--do aliens have sex?--to the practical--what would the first aliens we meet look like?--Dr. Wall covers it all. He explores our common perceptions of extraterrestrial creatures and hypothesizes our union with them in the future. Would they be little green men or mere microbes? Would they be found on a planet or moon in our own solar system or orbiting a star far, far away? Would they intend to harm us, and if so, how might they do it? And might they already have visited? Dr. Wall covers questions beyond alien life, venturing into astronomy, physics, and the practical realities of what long-term life might be like for us mere humans in outer space, including the economic implications and the possibility of Mars colonies. He shares the insights of some of the leading lights in space exploration today, from professors of astronomy and molecular biology at world-renowned universities to CEOs of companies dedicated to space exploration. He demonstrates how the next space age might be brighter than anything we've yet seen, and right on the horizon."--Dust jacket.

Flora : inside the secret world of plants

November 20, 2018
©2018
440 pages : color illustrations ; 31 cm
Includes index and glossary.
Foreword by Barbara W. Faust, Director, Smithsonian Gardens.
The plant kingdom -- Roots -- Stems and branches -- Leaves -- Flowers -- Seeds and fruits -- Plant families.
"From tiny mosses and delicate ferns to vibrant blooms and stately palms, Flora invites you to explore the plant kingdom from the ground up, and from root to leaf tip. DK's elegant introduction to botany is packed with sumptuous photos and crystal-clear illustrations that explain the mechanics of photosynthesis, why leaves change color, how cacti store water, and how seeds know when to grow. Filled with fascinating stories of how plant roots and leaves communicate with their neighbors and how flowers use color and scent to interact with--and manipulate--the creatures around them, Flora is a fresh and engaging introduction to the mysterious inner workings of the plant world."--Amazon.com.

The splendor of birds : art and photographs from National Geographic

November 20, 2018
Howell, Catherine Herbert, author.
Washington, DC : National Geographic Partners, [2018]
510 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 31 cm
Includes index.

Endangered and disappearing birds of the Midwest

November 16, 2018
Williams, Matt (Photographer), author, photographer.
Bloomington, Indiana : Indiana University Press, [2018]
214 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 27 cm
Introduction -- Northern bobwhite -- Greater prairie-chicken -- Yellow-billed cuckoo -- Black-billed cuckoo -- Whooping crane -- Piping plover -- Marbled godwit -- Red knot -- Dunlin -- Pectoral sandpiper -- Semipalmated sandpiper -- American woodcock -- Lesser yellowlegs -- Willet -- Herring gull -- Snowy owl -- Short-eared owl -- Red-headed woodpecker -- Loggerhead shrike -- Horned lark -- Bank swallow -- Wood thrush -- Evening grosbeak -- Pine siskin -- Snow bunting -- Field sparrow -- Grasshopper sparrow -- Henslow's sparrow -- Bobolink -- Eastern meadowlark -- Golden-winged warbler -- Prothonotary warbler -- Kentucky warbler -- Kirtland's warbler -- Cape May warbler -- Cerulean warbler -- Blackpoll warbler -- Prairie warbler -- Canada warbler -- Wilson's warbler.
In Endangered and Disappearing Birds of the Midwest, Matt Williams profiles forty of the most beautiful and interesting birds who winter, breed, or migrate through the Midwest and whose populations are most in danger of disappearing from the region. Each profile includes the current endangered status of the species, a description of the bird's vocal and nesting patterns, and tips to help readers identify them, along with stunning color images and detailed migration maps.--COVER.

Never home alone : from microbes to millipedes, camel crickets, and honeybees, the natural history of where we live

November 15, 2018
Dunn, Rob R., author.
New York : Basic Books, 2018.
vii, 323 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Prologue: homo indoorus -- Wonder -- The hot spring in the basement -- Seeing in the dark -- Absence as a disease -- Bathing in a stream of life -- The problem with abundance -- The far sighted ecologist -- What good is a camel cricket? -- The problem with cockroaches is us -- Look what the cat dragged in -- Gardening the bodies of babies -- The flavor of biodiversity.
A natural history of the wilderness in our homes, from the microbes in our showers to the crickets in our basements.

Natural histories. Innumerable insects : the story of the most diverse and myriad animals on earth

November 8, 2018
Engel, Michael S., author.
©2018
xvii, 214 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
At head of title: American Museum of Natural History
"Featuring illustrations from one of the world's great rare book collections."
Introduction: Inordinate insects -- Entomology : the science of insects -- Grappling with diversity -- Earliest of the six-legged -- Insects take to the skies -- Complete metamorphosis -- Pests, parasites, and plagues -- It takes a village -- The language of insects -- Hiding in plain sight -- The world abloom.
A fascinating look at the world's most numerous inhabitants, illustrated with stunning images from the American Museum of Natural History's Rare Book Collection. To date, we have discovered and described or named around 1.1 million insect species, and thousands of new species are added to the ranks every year. It is estimated that there are around five million insect species on Earth, making them the most diverse lineage of all life by far. This magnificent volume from the American Museum of Natural History tells their incredible story. Noted entomologist Michael S. Engel explores insects' evolution and diversity; metamorphosis; pests, parasites, and plagues; society and language; camouflage; and pollination-as well as tales of discovery by intrepid entomologists.

Do frogs drink hot chocolate? : how animals keep warm

October 30, 2018
Kaner, Etta, author.
©2018
1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations ; 24 cm
"Do polar bears build homes to keep warm? Do penguins snuggle with a friend? Yes! But their homes aren't made of wood, and penguins don't cuddle on a couch. Instead, these animals -- and many others -- have adapted in amazing ways to survive chilly weather. [This book] is a light-hearted introduction to animal adaptations around the world. Funny interactive questions paired with comic illustrations will leave readers laughing for more!" -- Back cover.

Extreme longevity : discovering Earth's oldest organisms

October 29, 2018
Kenney, Karen Latchana, author.
©2019
104 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm
Introduction : The whale that got away -- Slow, cold, and old : Bowhead whales -- Arctic ancients : Greenland sharks -- Near immortals : Hydra and Turritopsis -- Aged colonies : Glass sponges and stromatolites -- Reptile relics : Tuatara -- Persistent plants : King clone and Pando -- Inside DNA : searching for longevity genes.
"Some creatures can outlive humans by centuries. Readers will learn about these extreme examples of longevity in the animal kingdom, how aging happens, and what genes help animals to live so long."-- Provided by publisher.

Path of the puma : the remarkable resilience of the mountain lion

October 15, 2018
Williams, Jim, author.
Ventura, CA : Patagonia, [2018]
311 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 24 cm
Maps on endpapers.
The chase -- Finding the wild -- The front -- Gene flow: cats on the move -- Connectivity benefits bighorns and big cats -- The crown of the continent -- Following fragmentation -- Locals only -- Suburban lions -- Down south, way down south -- Austral wild -- Altered Andean landscapes -- Ranching for wildlife -- Pumas below Aconcagua -- Pumas and penguins -- Kodkods and other South American cats -- Rewilding Patagonia -- The Carretera Austral -- Arcilio the puma tracker -- A trophic cascade in Patagonia -- Conserving cats in both hemispheres -- Epilogue -- What you can do -- When pumas meet people.
During a time when most wild animals are experiencing decline in the face of development and climate change, the intrepid mountain lion -- also known as a puma, a cougar, and by many other names - has experienced reinvigoration as well as expansion of territory. What makes this cat, the fourth carnivore in the food chain -- just ahead of humans - so resilient and resourceful? And what can conservationists and wild life managers learn from them about the web of biodiversity that is in desperate need of protection? Their story is fascinating for the lessons it can afford the protection of all species in times of dire challenge and decline. -- Publisher's description.

How to be a good creature : a memoir in thirteen animals

September 27, 2018
Montgomery, Sy, author.
Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, [2018]
200 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
A naturalist and adventurer discusses the personalities and quirks of thirteen animals who have profoundly affected her, exploring themes of learning to become empathetic, creating families, coping with loss, and the otherness and sameness of people and animals.

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